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Challenges of the Modern West



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Challenges for the Contemporary West The essential undeniable fact is that the West was the first civilization in history to focus attention on the individual and on freedom we have committed crimes but we have also caused the whole of mankind to take a gigantic step forward and to leave its childhood behind Jacques Ellul The Betrayal of the West 1978 I End of the Cold War A D tente and divisions 1 Monolithic Communism Mao Zedong 2 Suez Crisis 1956 3 Test Ban Proliferation Treaties 4 Nixon in Moscow China 1972 Cold War as permanent condition B Unrest 1 Unruly East 2 Hungary 1956 Prague Spring 1968 Poland Solidarity 1980s Afghanistan Economic woes stagnation not starvation C Neo Conservatism 1 1980 1989 Reagan Thatcher military strength hostility to socialist domestic programs unabashed patriotism D Fall of the Soviet Empire 1 Mikhail Gorbachev Glasnost openness Perestroika economic administrative reform 2 1989 Lifting the Iron Curtain Hungary elections Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia Fall of the Berlin Wall The end of the Cold War is the end point of mankind s ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government The End of History and the Last Man Francis Fukuyama 1992 II Dominance and Decline A The Wealth of Nations 1 We will bury you Economic race GATT consumerism building a middle class cradle to grave support 2 One Europe European Union 1991 Kruschev B Postmodern mania 1 Baby boom baby bust 2 Youth Culture materialistic politicization 3 Existentialism fixed truths pov morality cannot exist outside of agents feminism sexual revolution 4 Identity politics C North South Divide 1 Population resources 2 New ideological conflict Islamic Nationalism neo colonialism Israeli Palestinian conflict Islamists rejection of secular values Gulf Iraq Wars



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