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Conservation Planning and Ecotourism Design Cusco Peru Brian Hettler September 20th 2011 Masters of Landscape Architecture Final Capstone Report State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry Syracuse New York S Scott Shannon Major Professor Department of Landscape Architecture Emanuel J Carter Committee Member Department of Landscape Architecture Richard S Hawks Department Chair Department of Landscape Architecture Conservation Planning and Ecotourism Design Cusco Peru Brian Hettler Br Hettler gmail com Masters of Landscape Architecture Final Capstone Report September 20th 2011 SUNY ESF Syracuse NY Table of Contents Introduction and Study Area 1 Sustainable Tourism and Analysis 41 Biodiversity The Tropical Andes 3 Regional Tourism Strategy Hiking Network 47 Threatened and Endangered Species 5 Sustainable Tourism Design 55 Quechua Cultural Landscapes 9 Tourism Driven Reforestation Strategy 65 Andean World View Ayllu 11 Traditional Land Use 16 Ollantaytambo Kancha Restoration 73 The Potato Park Visitor s Center 79 Lost Traditions Huilloc Botanical Garden for Natural Dyes 84 Changing Andean Landscapes 20 Abra M laga Textile Center and Polylepis Forest 89 Conservation Strategies 29 Conclusion 94 Conservation Corridor Planning 32 Bibliography 95 18 Abstract Background The rural areas of Peru are home to important cultural and natural resources and are experiencing a period of rapid change Conservation efforts in the region began with areas protected at the national level but limitations with this approach have led to conservation strategies becoming increasingly focused on incorporating elements of community development Ecotourism has become an important element in this conservation strategy but many times the design of these tourism projects would benefit from greater sensitivity to local culture and ecology This project has investigated strategies for the planning of a conservation corridor around the Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary while



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