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Human Needs



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Intro section The concept of human need goes to the heart of rational human development since it draws its imperative from each person s intuitive understanding of the requirements for individual survival Although at the societal level human needs have often been obfuscated the concept of human need is an important foundation for social work practice and societal social policy Theories of human need section Request for explanation of criticism of Maslow Maslow s theory has been subjected to widespread criticism for not being grounded in empirical research and for being a value laden hierarchical list rather than a theory constructed using philosophically rigorous methods Cofer 1986 Springborg 1981a Revised sentence For some time during the 1970s and 1980s U S international development policy was guided by what was known as the basic needs model Moon 1991 Sartorius Ruttan 1989 And in same section moved stuff about In a Theory of Human Need stuff from practice to end of this section with no changes in content Social Welfare policy section Added at Terry s suggestion this is great new content helps explain much For instance although Nixon argued that there were built in limitations on meeting human needs under monopoly capitalism Nixon 1971 others opposed taking a defeatist position towards the meeting of human needs under capitalism and suggested that radical reforms could meet working class and community needs Dover 1992 Olson 1982 3 new bib items one by yours truly Practice section In response to Terry s suggestion The strengths based model of practice stressed that social workers focus on the assets of clients This model reflected concern that needs talk can reinforce stigmatize clients as needy which could in turn lead to the disempowerment of clients Saleebey 2006 Social and political action section at terry s suggestion I explained Jeff Olson s outlook based upon my re reading this evening of his key sections about need and on my extensive correspondence with



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