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Modeling in a Therapeutic Context



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Modeling in a Therapeutic Context Modeling Through vicariously gained information patients judgment criteria is established and new behavioral patterns are learned Bandura 1986 Effective Models Physical Characteristics Age sex and physique Model type Mastery or coping Number of models Effective Models The injured client or athlete needs to form a bond with the model through the identification of similarities thus the injured client will be move motivated to pay attention to the message the model is conveying McCullagh el al 1989 Effective Models Model needs to similar Same injury Same sport Same position Needs to be a coping model Demonstrates the thoughts strategies used during each stage of rehab to overcome the injury Modeling Informal Formal Models Lee Gartner 1992 winter Olympic goal medalist after having 5 knee injuries Being exposed to newly hospitalized patients who demonstrate coping skills in order to reduce preoperative anxiety postoperative ambulation and decrease the number of days in hospital after surgery Modeling Formal and Informal Models Six players were video taped who had ACL surgery Videotapes occurred immediately after surgery at 2 mos post surgery and 4 mos Injured athlete with ACL injures who watched the tapes Were more motivated in their rehab programs Gained knowledge that helped them throughout rehab and provided them with goals during each phase of their rehab Modeling Strategies Develop a vide tape delivered by a former injured athlete about the pertinent injury information Have a former injured athlete provide information about the guidelines exact nature of the injury obstacles ahead how to overcome the obstacles and feelings the injured athlete may experience Modeling Strategies More the information is made preoperatively about what to expect the better are the chances of recovery being facilitated For first time injured athletes models provided an accurate account for the road ahead Kulik Mahler 1987 Now that I have seen that others



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