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THE PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY OF RHOTIC DURATION CONTRAST AND NEUTRALIZATION



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The Pennsylvania State University The Graduate School Department of Spanish Italian and Portuguese THE PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY OF RHOTIC DURATION CONTRAST AND NEUTRALIZATION A Thesis in Spanish by Travis G Bradley 2001 Travis G Bradley Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy December 2001 We approve the thesis of Travis G Bradley Date of Signature John M Lipski Professor of Spanish and Linguistics Head of the Department of Spanish Italian and Portuguese Thesis Adviser Chair of Committee Barbara E Bullock Associate Professor of French and Linguistics B Richard Page Associate Professor of German and Linguistics Philip H Baldi Professor of Linguistics and Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies Almeida Jacqueline Toribio Associate Professor of Linguistics and Spanish Linguistics ABSTRACT THE PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY OF RHOTIC DURATION CONTRAST AND NEUTRALIZATION December 2001 Travis G Bradley M A Ph D The Pennsylvania State University Thesis Adviser John M Lipski A number of the world s languages exhibit a phonological duration based contrast between an extra short coronal tap and a sustainable multiple cycle trill The post SPE generative literature has focused almost entirely on the distribution of rhotics in Iberian Romance and Spanish in particular The main empirical goal of this dissertation is to demonstrate how Iberian Romance fits in among a broader typology of rhotic patterns Relevant data from Spanish Catalan European Portuguese Basque Sebei Kaliai Kove Kairiru Palauan Kurdish and Ngizim suggest an implicational hierarchy of the form intervocalic word initial elsewhere word final pre and postconsonantal where rhotic duration contrast in a given position entails contrast in positions to the left Further generalizations are uncovered with respect to patterns of neutralization The theoretical goal of this dissertation is to develop a comprehensive analysis of the complete rhotic duration typology Chapter 1



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