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The Sociology of the Body



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Third Edition ANTHONY GIDDENS MITCHELL DUNEIER RICHARD APPELBAUM DEBORA CARR Slides created by Shannon Anderson Roanoke College Chapter 14 The Sociology of the Body Health Illness and Sexuality 1 Important topics Social forces and the body Theoretical approaches to health and illness Alternative medicine Health inequalities Global health and infectious diseases Sexuality and society 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 2 Sociology of the body Explores the relationship between society and the body Examines the ways that cultural and social factors affect health and other conditions of the body 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 3 Bodies 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 4 Society and eating A dual example of a sociological approach to understanding the body our relationship with food Eating disorders Obesity 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 5 Anorexia and bulimia 90 of those with eating disorders are women 20 of anorexics will die from anorexia Our diet culture 25 of men and 45 of women are dieting 60 of girls age 13 diet Over 80 of girls age 18 diet 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 6 BMI BMI 703 x weight height x height Note Weight in pounds and height in inches Category BMI Range Underweight 18 5 Normal weight 18 5 24 9 Overweight 25 0 29 9 Obese I 30 0 34 9 Obese II 35 0 39 9 Obese III Morbidly Obesity 40 0 Source National Heart Lung Blood Institute 1998 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 7 Obesity epidemic in the U S 1990 0 states 15 obese 2008 32 states 25 obese We live in an obesogenic social environment Poverty also contributes to obesity Despite the fact that over 60 percent of adults are overweight there remains a powerful stigma attached to obesity 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 8 Socialization of nature Processes that were once natural or biological are now influenced by social forces and social decisions Norms and culture can lead to unhealthy behaviors Society then is affecting the body 2011 W W Norton Co Inc 9 Being ill A phenomenological or symbolic interactionist approach to illness what is the experience of being sick How are



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