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Opinion Competing donor approaches to post conflict police reform Charles T Call Policymakers are giving much greater attention to police reform than they did a decade ago International actors recognise that post con ict settings require some forces to maintain order and justice yet war termination often results in the dissolution of the very institutions that previously provided these goods At the same time Western powers are eager to keep their soldiers safe and therefore not engaged in policing duties The development of internal security capabilities in countries emerging from armed con ict has thus acquired increasing importance in international security resulting in the proliferation of lessons on how international actors can foster police reform and what steps national authorities should take if they want to restructure their own police forces This paper seeks to clarify the concepts surrounding police reform Although one might think that peacebuilding is a broad or amorphous enough term to encapsulate police reform we need to recognise the varied policy and academic communities that seek to de ne policing and police reform In some ways police reform resembles the famous story of ve blind men feeling di erent parts of an elephant each man holding an entirely di erent perception to the others After discussing Charles T Call is Assistant Professor for Research at the Watson Institute for International Studies Brown University US and Principal Investigator of the Building Democracy After War Project He has written several articles on United Nations civilian police human rights and Latin American security forces and has served as a consultant on public security issues to the United Nations the Ford Foundation the US Department of Justice and the European Commission 100 what the literature says about some of the important questions regarding police reform in post con ict societies the paper identi es and analyses competing perspectives on the subject These alternative views give rise to problems in meaning operations evaluation and political priority Important questions What sort of information would be useful to practitioners policymakers and analysts seeking to shed light or make generalisations about police reform Below are some of the most pertinent questions Are police reforms important for preventing a reversion to war If not why are they important Where should national local decision makers look for the right models Are there dangers to international support for police reform How is success measured What is meant by police reform restructuring reconstitution In what context should we conceive of police reform What is its relationship with demobilisation military doctrine and reform intelligence reform judicial reforms civil society and human rights institutions How should local decision makers proceed with police reform Are there appropriate sequences entrance selection criteria and doctrines for example Should international actors

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