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Group Project Proposal 2007 DAP Based Fisheries Reform of the Commercial and Recreational Sectors Proposers Erin C Myers Bren MESM student Christopher Costello Associate Professor Bren School Kate Bonzon and Rod Fujita Client Environmental Defense Oakland CA STATEMENT Many of the world s fisheries are in serious decline and there is growing pressure to reform fisheries management by incorporating market based incentives and ecosystem based approaches into management plans In response Dedicated Access Privilege DAP programs are increasingly being implemented in commercial fisheries DAP programs are market oriented fishery management programs that provide an individual fisherman cooperative or community the exclusive privilege of harvesting a quantity of fish at any time within the fishing season1 or exclusive privileges to harvest within a specified area DAP programs are tailored to the specific economic political and biological conditions of a given commercial fishery and in some DAP programs such as IFQs access privileges can be traded among vessels in the commercial fishery Since their implementation in 1990 in the United States DAP management programs have led to increased profits decreased costs of gear and labor and a safer and more stable industry 2 Despite these successes DAPs have been limited to just a few commercial fisheries and are virtually nonexistent for recreational fisheries While the operations and value creating mechanisms of the recreational fishing industry are completely different than those of the commercial industry in reality the two compete for the same resources In fisheries where there is both a commercial and recreational sector this poses 3 problems 1 poor management of the recreational fishery may have adverse environmental impacts 2 the benefits accrued by DAP management in the commercial fishery may be dissipated by the effort in the recreational sector 3 recreational fisheries are not gaining from potential economic and social benefits of DAP management These institutional barriers create a mismatch in the harvest incentives and value across sectors and have been shown to lead to economic inefficiency and social unrest This group project will address a pervasive question in the design of DAPs How can DAPs be designed to include both commercial and recreational fishing sectors thus ensuring optimal conservation economic and social benefits for the fishery writ large This question will be addressed both theoretically and empirically within the context of a specific fishery in which these three problems are manifest OBJECTIVES We will examine the impacts of using access privileges to manage commercial and recreational sectors of a fishery We will focus on one fishery the Southern region of the California Nearshore Fishery and examine several alternative institutional designs management systems focusing on finding the best structure for managing the interaction between the sectors This study will examine the economic



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