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Science and Common Sense How Do We Come to Know the World Subjective Objective Our personal experience Our collective experience consensus How do we know How Do We Come to Know the World Epistemology Methodology The philosophy of knowing An approach to knowing How do we know Science and Common Sense Science often refutes common sense However both science and common sense knowing work in similar ways How do we know The Doubt Trust Ratio Both in science and common sense we trust the vast amount of our experience and only doubt a small part at a time How much doubt to trust 1 99 How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense Unless we decide not to we usually observe inaccurately Science We consciously decide what and how to observe How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense We usually generalize from only a few cases Science We explicitly sample for generalizing How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense We observe selectively to see what we re looking for Science We consciously decide what and how to observe How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense We make things up to fill in the gaps Science We base conclusions only on the evidence How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense We believe in luck streaks and slumps Science We have to document and back up conclusions about performance How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense We get personally and emotionally involved Science We have to respect scientific norms regardless of opinions How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense Science We form our views prematurely with little or no revision We can constantly revise views How do we know Common Sense and Science Common sense Some things we just can t know they re spiritual or mystical Science We can t rule out any area as unknowable for example ESP How do we know Common Sense and Science Science is More conscious than most common sense knowing More careful than most common sense knowing How do we know


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