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1 Robert Vannoy Major Prophets Lecture 18 We just finished Isaiah 53 verse 4 Surely he has borne our griefs carried our sorrows We discussed the translation of that and more properly understood it is a reference to the healing ministry of Christ Then in spite of these healings those who saw his miracles did not understand who he was we esteemed him stricken smitten of God and afflicted when he was crucified Let s go onto verse 5 that gives the explanation Here is the explanation of why he suffered why he was stricken why he was smitten He was wounded for our transgressions He was bruised for our iniquities The chastisement for our peace was upon him with his stripes we are healed Verse five is the answer to the question of why this one was afflicted and why he suffered It s in verse five that you have the description of the atonement 1 Peter 2 24 refers back to this as the atoning work of Christ So verse five presents the idea of substitutionary atonement and you get four parallel statements of that idea included in this one verse He was wounded for our transgressions he was bruised for our iniquities the chastisement of our peace was upon him and with his stripes we are healed Those four parallel lines all present the idea of substitutionary atonement That flows on into verse six All we like sheep have gone astray we have turned everyone to his own way and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all This is probably the most familiar verse of the passage where this idea of substitutionary atonement is continued and it s made clear that the guilt of our iniquities were what were laid on Christ The Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all So verses five and six teach the substitutionary atonement Verse seven He was oppressed and he was afflicted yet he opened not his mouth He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter and as a sheep before shearers is dumb so he opened not his mouth You have the similar idea as in the previous passage in Isaiah 50 verse 6 I gave my back to the smiters my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair It s voluntary submission Here again is an indication that the one who is described 2 in these verses is not the nation Israel Now you get back to that issue of who is the servant Is it Israel or is it one distinguished from Israel an individual Clearly this doesn t apply well to Israel He was oppressed and afflicted yet he opened not his mouth He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter as a sheep before his shearers is dumb and so he opened not his mouth That statement contrasts with the involuntary suffering of Israel in the exile In previous chapters in Isaiah you find the complaints



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