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A Photo Field Guide to Coral Species Located at Scott s Head and Champagne Reef By Meagan Meyer June 18 2002 Study Abroad Dominica 2002 Dr Lacher Dr Woolley Abstract Champagne and Scott s Head are two coral reefs that are located on the south west side of Dominica The purpose of this project was to provide a photo field guide to coral species found at these two reefs A total of four dives was completed and fifteen species identified Introduction Dominica is well known for its unscathed landscape but few are aware of the dramatic scenery that is found below the surface Dominica is among the top dive sites in the Caribbean The dive sites are primarily found on the west coast due to calmer waters less current and great visibility Champagne reef and Scott s Head are the two sites of focus for the development of a photo field guide to coral species on the west coast of Dominica Champagne is located south of Roseau and North of Pointe Guignard It is a hot sub aquatic freshwater spring located near the shore and beside a shallow reef The reef covers an area of appoximately three hundred square feet with depths between 0 80 feet There are small vents at the bottom of the ocean floor that release sulphur gas bubbles to the surface This bubbling of the water is how the reef got its name There are an estimated twenty species of corals in Champagne reef as well as an abundance of different fish species Scott s Head is located at the southwestern point of Dominica Along the northern side of Scott s Head runs a shallow ledge with a dramatic increase in depth The reef is on average between 30 65 feet There are several sandy locations throughout the reef Materials and Methods On four separate occasions coral species were studied and photographed There were two trips made to each site Champagne and Scott s Head The initial trip to Scotts Head was more of an educational trip than a data collecting trip It was first important to become comfortable with using flippers and a mask with a snorkel It was also beneficial to swim a majority of the reef to get a feel of what one was looking at After becoming comfortable in the water it was easier to focus on different types of coral A waterproof slate with pictures of coral species was useful in identifying the more common and abundant species Photographs were not taken on this dive due to the lack of knowledge of what should be photographed This first trip to Scott s Head helped in the realization that the use of wetsuits would be very beneficial not only to prevent sunburns but to aid in buoyancy The second trip to study the coral was to Champagne reef After going over several species in the Reef Coral Identification book it was then possible to distinguish between species in the open water Observations

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