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T role of culture



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Preference modification vs incentive manipulation as tools of terrorist recruitment the role of culture Michael Munger Departments of Political Science and Economics Duke University Friday Sept 30 2005 Problem of Acting as Society Can a group of people who disagree come to a consensus I want you want what do we want COLLECTIVE CHOICE PROBLEM Even if they do agree how could they coordinate their actions INFORMATION TRANSACTIONS COST PROBLEM Even if they all know what to do why would they do it FREE RIDER COLLECTIVE ACTION PROBLEM Information and Coordination The peculiar character of the problem of a rational economic order is determined precisely by the fact that the knowledge of the circumstances of which we must make use never exists in concentrated or integrated form but solely as the dispersed bits of incomplete and frequently contradictory knowledge which all the separate individuals possess The economic problem of society is thus not merely a problem of how to allocate given resources if given is taken to mean given to a single mind which deliberately solves the problem set by these data It is rather a problem of how to secure the best use of resources known to any of the members of society for ends whose relative importance only these individuals know Or to put it briefly it is a problem of the utilization of knowledge which is not given to anyone in its totality F A Hayek 1945 AER Problem 2 Commitment Without Enforcement Can We Cooperate Common Knowledge Basis of Cooperation When I You Know That I Know that it is in your interest to cooperate Can we account for irrational acts Suicide bombings sacrifice of a life Are the bombers duped or confused We tend to think the state is the only answer but An Example of Cultural Difference shibboleth The word is often combined with the word cultural Its general meaning is mean an unspoken but shared understanding of something that identifies insiders and distinguishes outsiders because they do not share this



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