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Gender, Sex, Women & Sexual Orientation



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Gender Sex Women Sexual Orientation I Defining Sex Gender A Traditional Definition 1 Sex biological differences genotypic and or phenotypic 2 Gender psychological and social differences B Problems Suggests a Causal Relationship that simply can not be established What do we call biological processes that are altered by social processes What do we call Social processes that are altered by biological processes C Kay Deaux Suggests Sex Research investigations comparing males and females however identified Gender Research investigations comparing the maleness masculinity and femaleness femininity of participants Acknowledges that this is arbitrary No more so than the definitions used previously and avoids unnecessary causal language II Sex and Gender a Dichotomy A Are there 2 Sexes Genders B Are they Mutually Exclusive Exhaustive C What about the cases that don t fit in either category XO Turner s Syndrome XXX Super Female XXY Klienfelter s Syndrome considered Males with extra X XYY Super Men CAH Females Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia AI Males Androgen Insensitivity III The Majority Minority Women make up a majority of the U S population 51 52 Minority status is one of representation and power Women are under represented in positions of authority and power Question What are some of the disadvantages associated with being female What privileges are associated with being Male A Institutional Gender Bias The Glass Ceiling Sticky Floors 84 years of women voting 1 female VP candidate 5 out 50 Governors are Women 13 of Congressional Members are women 6 Fortune 500 CEO s are women 2 30 Fortune 1000 CEO s are women 13 of Upper Management Positions held by women 30 35 of Middle Management Positions held by women 49 of Work Force is Female Women make 73 cents for every 1 a man makes even when controlling for education and length of service changes slightly from year to year but has not significantly changed since the early 70 s B Masculine Hegemony U S Culture is still strongly



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