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Journal of Cognitive Science




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Indiana Undergraduate Journal of Cognitive Science An Online Journal of Research and Writing in Cognitive Science Volume 4 Contents Winter 2008 Articles The Acquisition of English Locative Constructions by Native Speakers of Korean: Pragmatic 3 Competence or Syntactic Incompetence? Jenny S. Lee, Wellesley College Quantifying the Effect of a Logotype on Perceived Market Value of Consumer 17 Products Rhymes Stabler, Vanderbilt University Testing the Use of Whole-part Juxtaposition and Mutual Exclusivity in Preschool Children 36 with Familiar and Non-familiar Objects Charlotte Agger, Vanderbuilt University Fluid Learning 42 Jordan Barnes, Simon Fraser University Can Neuroscience Inform the Free Will Debate? 54 Brandi Newell, Wellesley College The Gestural Basis of Spoken Language 65 Kogulan Nadesakumaran, Case Western Reserve University What is it Like to Be a Dualist? On the Real Challenge of Nagel’s 1974 Paper 71 Lucas J. Matthews, University of Cincinnati Overcoming Cartesian Intuitions: A Defense of Type-Physicalism 81 Ronald J. Planer, Rutgers University The Ghost Partner: Joint Imagination in Reenactment 97 Karen Chow, University of California, San Diego Shot Structure in Hollywood Film 103 Christine E. Nothelfer, University of California, Berkeley General Information 2008-2009 Editorial Board, Indiana Undergraduate Journal of Cognitive Science 114 Author / Submission Instructions 115 On the Cover: Cover Art by Michelle Capriles-Escobedo, Brush Design from http://scully7491.deviantart.com/ Indiana Undergraduate Journal of Cognitive Science 4 (2009) 3-16 Copyright © 2009 IUJCS. All rights reserved The Acquisition of English Locative Constructions by Native Speakers of Korean: Pragmatic Competence or Syntactic Incompetence? Jenny S. Lee Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences Wellesley College 1. INTRODUCTION To understand a verb’s meaning and use it correctly, a second language (L2) speaker must learn in what syntactic structures the verb is allowed. Across languages, there are some consistent verb semantics-syntax correspondences, and knowing these regularities can help an L2 learner assign correct syntactic structures to verbs. For example, if a learner understands that mental verbs such as “think,” “know,” and “hope” take a sentential argument, then he or she can use this mental verb-sentential complement “linking rule” to infer that a verb like “wonder” will also take a sentential complement (Kim et al., 1999). However, there are more complex types of verbs that are subject to greater argument structure variation, which pose difficulty for many L2 learners. These verbs may appear in different syntactic structures but have the same arguments, or may appear in the same syntactic structures but have different arguments. Locative verbs in English are one such kind of verbs which are subject to great variation. They denote a relationship between a thematic entity (Figure) and a location (Ground). For example, the locative verb load links an object to a place it can be moved and can participate in alternation as follows: 1) Mary loaded the truck (ground) with hay (figure). 2) Mary loaded the hay (figure) onto the truck (ground). Research shows that there are cross-linguistic differences (and similarities) in the syntax of locative verbs, and this paper will address how successfully native speakers of Korean acquire the syntax of locative constructions ...





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