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Radiation Safety Training for Public Safety Officers



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Radiation Safety Training for Public Safety Officers ISU Technical Safety Office TSO Office of Radiation Safety 282 2311 or 282 2310 Course Objective Upon completion of this course the participant will have a brief introductory knowledge of the health risks associated with radiation procedures to maintain ALARA exposure purposes and functions of warning signs and devices observation of NRC Form 3 material areas where radionuclides are used at ISU obligation to report unsafe conditions to the RSO and emergency procedures Health Risks Associated with Exposure to Radiation or Radioactive Materials Radiation is the transfer of energy through space This implies that there exists a space around any radiation emitter that is full of energy This energy may be hazardous to your health The degree of the hazard depends upon the type quantity and time of radiation exposure Chronic radiation exposure involves low levels of ionizing radiation over a long period of time Among the possible effects of chronic exposure are the increased risk of developing cancer and cataracts Also research indicates possible genetic effects in humans from radiation damage to sperm and egg cells Genetic damage may result in birth defects furthermore an exposed worker s genetic effects may be passed along to future generations Acute radiation exposure is the result of a large dose in a short period of time An acute exposure where recovery is probable includes the following possible effects lowering of the white blood cell count nausea bacterial infections vomiting loss of appetite reddening of the skin diarrhea fatigue hair loss and possible sterility In a more severe exposure the victim may suffer fever abdominal pains explosive diarrhea internal bleeding infection shock convulsions coma and ultimately death Note Any type of radiation that is used on the ISU campus that is strong enough to cause this type of exposure is kept inaccessible and is always in a well marked area Procedures to Maintain



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