UD CIEG 486 - Safety and Risk Management (6 pages)

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Safety and Risk Management



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Safety and Risk Management

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Delaware
Course:
Cieg 486 - Engineering Project Management
Engineering Project Management Documents
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Safety and Risk Management Construction by nature is inherently dangerous with a high degree of hazard and risk The toll of construction accidents is high in terms of both costs and human suffering Accidents add a tremendous burden of needless and avoidable expense Financial loses pale when compared to bodily injury and death and the resulting human social impacts Safety and Risk Management Construction accidents add 10 billion annually to construction cost Insurance such as workmen compensation can be purchased to protect the contractor from certain direct expenses Accidents also involve substantial costs that are not insurable referred to as hidden or indirect cost Safety and Risk Management Economic considerations Direct costs Medical Compensation Indirect or hidden costs Time lost from work by the injured party Loss in earning power Economic loss to injured worker s family Lost time by fellow workers Safety and Risk Management Economic considerations Indirect or hidden costs continued Loss of efficiency by breaking up crew Cost to train new or replacement employees Damage to equipment and tools Loss of production Cost incurred by delays Failure to meet contract demands completion etc Overhead costs associated with disruption of work Safety and Risk Management Economic considerations Indirect or hidden costs continued Cleanup and repair costs Administrative costs of investigations and reports Increased insurance premiums Loss of future projects due to adverse publicity Cost of fines Many many others difficult to quantify Safety and Risk Management Accidents are defined as events occurring by chance from unknown causes In reality construction accidents are the result of negligence needless avoidable Safety and Risk Management As construction managers we must concern ourselves with the issues of safety for several reasons 1 Legal obligations imposed by OSHA 2 Contract requirements 3 Direct and indirect financial impact profit picture 4 Corporate personal legal liability fiduciary duty 5 Ethical duty and moral obligation 6 Public image and reputation Safety and Risk Management The courts charge the employer management with the responsibility of 1 Providing a safe place to work 2 Providing safe appliances tools and equipment 3 Developing and enforcing safety rules and regulations 4 Providing instructions regarding employment dangers Safety and Risk Management Basic elements of a Safety Program as identified by the National Safety Council 1 Declaration of management policy and leadership 2 Assignment of responsibility authority and accountability 3 Maintenance of safe working conditions 4 Establishment of safety training 5 Establishment of an accident reporting and analysis system Safety and Risk Management Safety Program Goals should be Achievable Demanding Supported by company resources Well defined Measurable Monitored Safety and Risk Management Basic elements of a Safety Program continued 6 Creation of medical and first aid programs 7 Acceptance of personal accountability by employees Keys to a successful safety program Support and enforcement from top management Front line management superintendents foremen consistently following and enforcing the safety program All employees recognizing that safety is everyone s job Safety and Risk Management Occupational Safety and Health Act OSHA Established by Congress in 1970 Part of the Executive Branch Department of Labor Goal of providing a safe and healthful workplace for all Americans OSHA Standards are part of the Code of Federal Regulations CFR published in the Federal Register OSHA Standards are found in Title 29 of the CFR General Industry 1910 xxx Construction Industry 1926 xxx Safety and Risk Management Safety and Risk Management OSHA Key Standards Title Code of Federal Regulations Part Section Headings Paragraphs 29 CFR 1926 0 59 h 2 ii Sec 5 a 1 Each Employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees General Duty Clause Sec 5 a 2 Each employer shall comply with OSHA standards promulgated under this act Safety and Risk Management OSHA Key Standards Safety and Risk Management OSHA Key Standards Sec 5 b Each Employee shall comply with OSHA safety and health standards and all rules regulations and orders issued pursuant to this act which are applicable to his or her actions and conduct 1926 16 a Rules of Construction In no case shall the prime contractor be relieved of overall responsibility for compliance with the requirements of this part of for all work performed under the contract Competent Person means one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary hazardous or dangerous to employees and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them Safety and Risk Management OSHA Inspections Reasons for inspection Investigation of imminent dangers Fatality and Catastrophic Investigation Fatality s 5 or more employees hospitalized for 24 hours Complaints and referrals Programmed Inspections based on loss data Target Program Initiatives Safety and Risk Management OSHA Inspections Right to inspect Credentials Opening Conference Employer and Employee Walkaround Rights Inspection Process Employee Interviews Closing Conference Safety and Risk Management Safety and Risk Management Citations and Penalties per violation Considerations When Assessing Penalties Non Serious up to 7 000 Serious between 1 500 to 5 000 Willful Violations Up to 70 000 Repeat violations original penalty multiplied from 1 to 10 times Criminal Penalties Safety and Risk Management Gravity of violation Good Faith Compliance Efforts History of Previous Violations Penalties can be adjusted down as much as 95 Safety and Risk Management Part 1926 Safety and Health Regulations for Construction Part 1926 Safety and Health Regulations for Construction Subpart H Materials Handling Storage Use and Disposal Subpart I Tools Hand and Power Subpart J Welding and Cutting Subpart K Electrical Subpart L Scaffolds Subpart A General Subpart B General Interpretations Subpart C General Safety and Health Provisions Subpart D Occupational Health and Environmental Controls Subpart E Personal Protective Equipment and Life Saving Equipment Subpart F Fire Protection and Prevention Subpart G Signs Signals and Barricades Safety and Risk


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