DYC CHE 114L - The Basics (3 pages)

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The Basics



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The Basics

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Pages:
3
School:
D’Youville College
Course:
Che 114l - Applied Chemistry Hlth Sci Lab
Applied Chemistry Hlth Sci Lab Documents

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CHE114 Lab 4a The Basics In today s lab you will use molecular modeling kits to build and understand the importance of functional groups in organic chemistry Your lab instructor will take a picture of each of these sets when you complete them In each case you must draw the structural formula of the compound and build its model Alcohols Construct models of the following alcohols Methanol Ethanol Propanol Butanol Look up the history and properties of these alcohols on the internet How many isomers of each of these molecules can you construct Build models of all the isomers Carboxylic Acids Construct models of the following acids Formic acid Acetic acid Propionic acid What are the official names of each of these acids What would sodium propionate look like Sodium acetate What are the differences and similarities between acetic acid and sodium acetate Acetic acid is well an acid Which of the hydrogen atoms is the acidic one Hydrocarbons Propane Propene Propyne Cyclopropane Explainthe differences and similarities between alkanes alkenes alkynes and cyclic alkenes How many isomers of butene can you make Aromatic Compounds Benzene Phenol Benzoic acid How does the structure of benzene as it is usually drawn resemble your model of benzene and how does it differ from it Cis Trans Isomerism Construct the following two compounds cis dichoro ethane trans dicholoro ethane Can you think of and construct another isomer of these other two Aldehydes and Ketones Construct Acetone Formaldehyde Look up these compounds on the web and tell me something about them Nitrogen Construct and name an aliphatic amine Construct and name an aliphatic amide Construct the two amino acids glycine alanine More Complex Molecules Construct a dipeptide from alanine and glycine Construct models of D glyceraldehyde and L glyceraldehyde and then D Glucose and L Glucose noting the structural as in stereochemical similarities between the 3 carbon and 6 carbon carbohydrates Reactions Construct a set of models



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