IUPUI A 103 - A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought (12 pages)

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A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought



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A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought

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Pages:
12
School:
Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
Course:
A 103 - Human Origins and Prehistory

Unformatted text preview:

A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought Slides to Accompany Lecture Ancient Greek philosopher Anaxiamander 611547 B C and the Roman philosopher Lucretius 99 55 B C conceived of the idea that all living things were related and that they had changed over time Lucretius Aristotle s Great Chain of Being Scala Naturae Creation as Calculated from The Bible Bishop James Ussher as painted between1640 1656 Bishop John Lightfoot b 1601 d 1675 Early Scientific Challenges to Theological Views John Ray Species Galileo Galilei Challenges to church authority 1564 1642 Systematic Classification Carolus Linnaeus Systema Naturae 1758 THE LINNEAN HIERARCHY FOR HUMANS Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Primates Family Hominidae Genus Homo Species Homo sapiens Early Ideas about Evolution Speices changes through time in response to environment Heritable characteristics Catastrophism Comte de Buffon Georges Louis Leclerc Jean Baptiste Lamarck 1707 1788 Environment but other mechanisms too 1744 1829 Erasmus Darwin 1731 1802 Baron Cuvier 1769 1832 Understanding the Depth of Time James Hutton Charles Lyell 1726 1797 1797 1875 Understanding Populations Thomas Malthus 1766 1834 Charles Darwin Alfred Wallace How did they arrive at the same conclusions Darwin and Wallace Volumes



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