MESA POSC 101 - Danziger III (53 pages)

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Danziger III



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Danziger III

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Pages:
53
School:
San Diego Mesa College
Course:
Posc 101 - Intro. to Political Science
Intro. to Political Science Documents

Unformatted text preview:

Danziger Chapters 9 12 Presented by Angela Oberbauer 2011 Danziger Chapter 9 Politics as a Value Allocation Process Public Policy is any decision or action by a governmental authority that results in the allocation of a value Danziger p 232 Policy Process Problem Identification Problem Definition Specification of alternative responses Policy selection and enactment Policy implementation Policy Evaluation Policy continuation modification termnation The Elite Approach Key Concepts 1 Politics is defined as the struggle for power 2 The Political World is characterized by Political Stratification The Italian Application of the Elite Approach Mosca et al The Ruling Class 1896 1939 All Political systems have two strata a The Political Class the elite controls all political functions holds virtually all political power and dominates the allocation of values Primary base of Elite domination military power then religious control then economic power and most recently technical knowledge b The nonpolitical class the mass Danziger p 239 The American Application of the Elite Approach C Wright Mills et al 1956 a The Power Elite in American Society are 1 The warlords in the military establishment 2 The corporation chieftains in the economic sector 3 The political directorate at the top positions in the political system Danziger p 239 Ruling Elite Understructure government The Mass The Value Allocation policy Process 1 2 3 The active elites are subject to little direct influence from the mass or even from the understructure of government The understructure follows the elite s instructions because its members depend wholly on the elite s power and resources for having and keeping their positions and for any authority the understructure maintains in the eyes of the Mass The mass is politically apathetic and impotent and policy is imposed upon them The Class Approach Concepts within the Class Approach 1 Stratification the basic fact of structured inequality 2 Class a The ruling class



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