MIT 24 0 - Fancier Versions of Compatibilism (3 pages)

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Fancier Versions of Compatibilism



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Fancier Versions of Compatibilism

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Pages:
3
School:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Course:
24 0 - Problems of Philosophy

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24 00 Free Will Week 2 November 19 2010 Daniel Greco 1 More Compatibilism Here s an argument for incompatibilism 1 You only act freely if you could ve acted otherwise 2 If determinism is true then it s never the case that you could ve acted otherwise 3 So if determinism is true then you never act freely How might the compatibilist respond Frankfurt tries to motivate rejecting premise 1 Here s a Frankfurt style example lifted from wikipedia Example text removed due to copyright restrictions Available at http en wikipedia org wiki Frankfurt counterexamples How could the incompatibilist in particular the libertarian respond 1 1 Fancier Versions of Compatibilism Frankfurt argues that someone has free will just in case they have desires about what to desire and these second order desires are e ective when they desire to desire something they end up desiring that something Why introduce this complication It lets us distinguish regular people who Frankfurt thinks have free will from children animals etc It lets us distinguish the unwilling drug addict who wants to quit but can t and who Frank furt thinks does not have free will from the person who could resolve to quit if she wanted i e the person who would stop desiring drugs if she desired to stop desiring them Worries just as actions are manipulable by external forces so are rst order desires and second order desires and any other psychological state you might use to try to give a compatibilist characterization of free will We seem to face a dilemma 1 1 Either allow that a sophisticated enough hypnotist neuroscientist whatever could not only ensure that you perform some action if she so desired but could ensure that you performed the action of your own free will even if right now you are rmly set against performing it 2 Or instead deny compatibilism and opt for hard determinism no free will or libertarianism indeterministic free will 2 Scienti c Challenges to Free Will A few strategies for arguing that there s scienti c



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