Cal Poly Pomona PHL 402 - Metaphysics (6 pages)

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Metaphysics



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Metaphysics

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Pages:
6
School:
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
Course:
Phl 402 - Philosophy & Religion Of China

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Back to PHl402 Table of Content Metaphysics I Conceptualization of Metaphysics Original meaning From the Greek meta to physika After the things of nature The phrase ta meta ta physika bibli The book after the books on nature was not used by Aristotle himself A Developed definition For Aristotle The first philosophy or theology Superscience The nature of being as being For later classical and medieval philosophers Moving from perception For modern philosophers The study of transcending nature For Kant A priori speculation A science of transcendence with self contradiction For Hume Anything abstruse and highly theoretical For Wolf A science by analysis from the logical principle of identity or contradiction A complete definition The study of the nature of ultimate reality and the dynamic principle natural supernatural or other by which reality exists B Roles of metaphysics 1 To interpret harmonize and rationalize experience 2 To correct and relate different sciences C Division of metaphysics General part Ontology general corporeal or spiritual being Special parts Rational cosmology the world rational psychology soul rational theology God D General question What is the fundamental nature of man and surrounding universe Metaphysics of the microcosm the nature of the human person Metaphysics of the macrocosm the nature of the human person s total environment E Six Schools 1 2 3 4 5 6 The teleologists The materialists The dualists The idealists The organicists The skeptics II History of Metaphysics A The Ancient Metaphysics 1 Pre Socratics 1 The Milesian School Thales Nature as water Anaximander Nature as endless combinations and contrasts of color taste Anaximenes Nature as air Common notions of this school Natural monism Everlasting cosmic substance Boundless expanse Nature as the source of the present and other world systems The transformation 2 Pythagoras All things as numbers 3 Heraclitus Nature as fire 4 Ionian Cosmologists Origin of physical universe 5 Parmenides



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