MSU SW 850 - cltsyndr (2 pages)

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cltsyndr



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cltsyndr

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School:
Michigan State University
Course:
Sw 850 - Clin SW Prac I
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Cultural Bound syndromes 1 Cultural Bound Syndromes Name Group Description Ataque de Nervios Hispanics Out of consciousness state resulting from evil spirits Symptoms include attacks of crying trembling uncontrollable shouting physical or verbal aggression and intense heat in the chest moving to the head These ataques are often associated with stressful events e g death of a loved one divorce or separation or witnessing an accident including a family member Amok Mal de Pelea Malaysians Laotians Filipinos Polynesians Papua New Guineans Puerto Ricans A dissociative disorder involving outburst of violence and aggression or homicidal behavior at people and objects A minor insult would precipitate this condition Amnesia exhaustion and persecutory ideas are often associated with this syndrome Brain Fag African Americans Problems with concentration and thinking among high school and university students experiencing the challenges of schooling Symptoms include head and neck pain blurring of vision burning and heat resembling Somatoform Depressive and Anxiety Disorder Boufee Delirante Haitians Sudden outburst of aggression agitation associated with confusion psychomotor excitement and symptoms resembling Brief Psychotic Disorder including visual and auditory hallucinations paranoid ideation Colera Hispanics Anger and rage disturbing body balances leading to headache screaming stomach pain loss of consciousness and fatigue Dhat East Indians Chinese Sri Lankans Extreme anxiety associated with sense of weakness exhaustion and the discharge of semen Dissociative Identity Disorder 1 Anglo Americans This disorder is considered a culture specific syndrome because it primarily occurs in persons holding a modern set of cultural schemas It involves the presence of two or more identities where at least two recurrently take control of the person s behavior Falling Out African Americans Seizurelike symptoms resulting from traumatic events such as robberies Ghost Sickness American Indians Weakness dizziness fainting anxiety hallucinations confusion and loss of appetite resulting from the action of witches and evil forces Hwa byung Asians Pain in the upper abdomen fear of death tiredness resulting from the imbalance between reality and anger Koro Asians A man s desire to grasp his penis in a woman the vulva and nipples resulting from fear that it will retract into the body and cause death Cultural Bound Syndromes 2 Name Group Description Latah Asians A sudden fright resulting in imitative behaviors that appear beyond control including imitation of movements and speech the individual often follows commands to do things outside his or her wish e g verbal repetition of obscenities Mal de ojo Hispanics Medical problems such as vomiting fever diarrhea and mental problems e g anxiety depression could result from the mal de ojo evil eye the individual experienced from another person The condition is common among infants and children adults might also experience similar symptoms resulting from this mal de ojo Mal puesto hex root work voodoo death African Americans Hispanics Unnatural diseases and death resulting from the power of people who use evil spirits Ode ori Nigerians Sensation of parasites crawling in the head feelings of heat in the head paranoid fears of malevolent attacks by evil spirits Pibloktog Arctic and subarctic Inuit Excitement coma and convulsive seizures resembling an abrupt dissociative episode often associated with amnesia withdrawal irritability and irrational behaviors such as breaking furniture eating feces and verbalization of obscenities Hispanics Susto Miedo espanto pasmo Tiredness and weakness resulting from frightening and startling experiences Taijin kyofusho Asians Guilt about embarrassing others timidity resulting from the feeling that the appearance odor facial expressions are offensive to other people Wacinko American Indians Feeling of anger withdrawal mutism suicide from reaction to disappointment and interpersonal problems Wind or Cold Illness Hispanics Asians A fear of cold and the wind feeling weakness and susceptibility to illness resulting from the belief that natural and supernatural elements are not balanced 1 Dissociative Identity Disorder is not recognized as a cultural bound syndrome in DSM IV although it was suggested that it might be a cultural syndrome due to the recent relatively high rates of the disorder reported in the United States DSM IV 1994 p 485 Modified from Paniagua F A 2000 Culture bound syndromes cultural variations and psychopathology in I Cu llar F A Paniagua Eds Handbook of multicultural mental health Assessment and treatment of diverse populations pp 140 141 New York Academic Press


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