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A Global Battle Against Obesity nuary a J n a l P y bestoit adopt anA aggressive O World Health Organization will decide whether i t n A s y EV nc N e g E A G h s t l d a r He can combat plan outliningoways nations obesity include N 22 wo Suggestions U 5 e l s r a a n o d r t n u y E o children offering dabreaks and uestax reet Jat Govtsfood T t S g limiting advertising aimed l n l i a k c W a b e of a h s t T u r a io t 4 p u 0 a s 0 c 2 le 21 gaofvehealthful e subsidies to lower prices foods improving labels and lifesty food e s r t e n i e h e t l m s a n a r e h is v e d o t t o 10 of daily G added sugars curb om hear The plan also prto APto le o t t t trying just calories a n b la p p l e ations and h N y t i d s e t e i b n o U calls on food andtobeverage reduce companies to reduce the fat salt and sugar t r o f f e globainl their products content es t e b a i d d n Theaproposal has generated intense criticism from the U S government and from the sugar industry grocers soft drink makers and big food companies claiming the proposal isn t supported by science But if the World Health Organization approves the plan consumers will see a world wide push to help them improve their diets including international efforts to regulate food marketing pricing and production 1 Consumer Health Exercise Products and Services Exercise Products and Services Extent of the Problem Types of Exercise Exercise Facilities Services Equipment and Exercise Recommendations 3 Extent of the Problem 4 About 30 of adults get little or no physical activity and 73 are not active enough Engaging in 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity at least 5 days per week is recommended Women are less active than men at all ages African Americans and Hispanics are generally less active than whites Adults in northeastern and southern states tend to be less active than adults in north central and western states Participation in leisure time physical activity decreases as age increases Inactivity Trend 5 High Student Physical Activity 6 Any Physical Activity in Past 30 days 7 Leading Health Indicators Ten Major Public Health Issues 1 2 3 4 5 8 Physical activity Overweight and obesity Tobacco use Substance abuse Responsible sexual behavior 6 7 8 9 10 Mental health Injury and violence Environmental quality Immunization Access to health care Physical Activity Leading Health Indicator 7 3b11 Increase the proportion of college students who have received information on physical activity and fitness Baseline 33 5 2010 Target 55 22 2 3 Increase the proportion of college students who engage in physical activity at least 3 days wk at moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes or vigorous physical activity for 20 minutes or more minutes Baseline 9 40 3 2010 Target 55 i Physical Activity Leading Health Indicator 7 3b11 Increase the proportion of college students who received information from their college about physical fitness and activity Targets National Baselines DNC College 55 Our Campus 55 DNC College 33 3 Our Campus TargetNational setting method National Not applicable College Better than the best 50 improvement Our Campus Better than the best 31 improvement Data sources National Not applicable College National College Health Assessment Spring 2000 Our Campus National College Health Assessment Spring 2000 10 42 9 i Physical Activity Leading Health Indicator 22 2 3 Increase proportion of college students exercising moderately 30 minutes or vigorously 20 minutes 3 days week Targets National DNC College 55 Our Campus 55 DNC College 40 3 Our Campus 36 1 Baselines National Target setting method National Not applicable College Better than the best 36 improvement Our Campus Better than the best 52 improvement Data sources National Not applicable College National College Health Assessment Spring 2000 Our Campus National College Health Assessment Spring 2000 11 i Physical Activity Leading Health Indicator Participation in regular physical activity United States 1990 99 55 2010 Target College 40 The definition of moderate physical activity was changed in 1997 i Sources Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey 1991 97 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Survey 12 1990 99 Health Benefits 13 Reduces the risk of developing coronary heart disease CHD and the risk of dying from CHD Reduces the risk of stroke Reduces the risk of having a second heart attack in people who have already had one heart attack Lowers both total blood cholesterol and triglycerides and increases high density lipoproteins HDL or the good cholesterol Lowers the risk of developing high blood pressure Helps reduce blood pressure in people who already have hypertension Health Benefits 14 Lowers the risk of developing non insulin dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus Reduces the risk of developing colon cancer Helps people achieve and maintain a healthy body weight Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety Promotes psychological well being and reduces feelings of stress Helps build and maintain healthy bones muscles and joints Helps older adults become stronger and better able to move about without falling or becoming excessively fatigued Expected 20 Yr Weight Gain Exercise Nutrition Expected 20 Year Weight Gain 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 12 9 5 6 Do Exercise D o Eat Veg F ruit 15 14 6 7 3 No Exercise D o Eat Veg F ruit Do Exercise D on t Eat V F No Exercise D on t Eat V F Feelings of Competence 4 45 Refusing a Drink 3 41 Exercising 3 36 Eating Lowfat 3 55 Managing Stress 4 42 Using Safer Sex 1 00 2 00 1 Not Very Competent 16 3 00 4 00 Very Competent 5 5 00 My friends exercise regularly Most of My Friends Exercise Eat Healthfully Strongly Agree 75 0 Agree 23 Disagree Strongly Disagree 42 I do not exercise 21 0 0 17 58 26 Neutral I exercise 3 or more times per week 67 20 40 60 Current Exercise Expected 20 Year Weight Gain E xercise 3 tim es p er w eek 12 p o und s E xercise 1 to 2 tim es p er w eek 15 3 p o und s 21 3 P o und s N o E xercise 0 18 5 10 15 20 E xp ected P o und s to G a in in 20 Yea rs 25 Managing Stress Exercise H ow capable and com pent do you feel at m anaging stress and relaxing effectively 3 tim e s w e e k V e ry C a pa b le 3 62 3 15 1 2 tim e s w e e k M o d e ra te …


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