Stanford ANTHRO 173 - Diet, Nutrition, and Human Growth (5 pages)

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Diet, Nutrition, and Human Growth



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Diet, Nutrition, and Human Growth

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Pages:
5
School:
Stanford University
Course:
Anthro 173 - Human Dimensions Of Global Environmental Change: Resilence, Vulnerability, And Environmental Justice (humbio 111)
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Anthropological Sciences 173 Diet Nutrition and Human Growth Instructor James Holland Jones January 6 2004 1 Course Description All animals need to acquire energy and other essential resources from their environments and humans are no exception In this course we will consider human nutritional requirements the physiological processes that mediate intake absorption and use and the constraints placed upon human biology by the distribution of resources in the environment This course is simultaneously ecological and evolutionary That is it considers both the distribution and abundance of resources and the history and adaptive value of traits and relationships We will explore to a large extent the ecology of nutrient distribution in the developed industrial world and its consequences for an omnivorous primate adapted to fluctuating environments i e us 2 Readings We will use three texts 1 Tanner J F 1990 Foetus into man 2nd ed Cambridge Harvard University Press 2 Ungar P S and M F Teaford eds 2002 Human diet Its origin and evolution New York Bergin Garvey 3 Brownell K D and K B Horgen 2004 Food fight The inside story of the food industry America s obesity crisis and what we can do about it New York Contemporary Books These texts will be supplemented extensively by readings from the primary literature For the most part the reading load of this class is moderate You can expect to read 2 3 chapters from a book and about two journal articles each week Readings will be placed on reserve at the Falconer Biology Library I will provide URLs to all course related readings from the primary literature which are available online to the Stanford community I will also make every effort to provide electronic copies of those primary literature readings which are not available in native electronic format via coursework 1 2 1 About This Syllabus This syllabus is designed to be used both in both printed and online forms Many of the weekly readings will have internet links directly through this document If you use MacOS I suggest that you view this document using the Adobe Acrobat Reader and not Preview which is often set to be the default pdf reader under OS X 3 Assignments There will be four 4 homework assignments spread out over the quarter These include 1 dietary recall 2 plotting and analysis of growth data 3 measurement of food distribution and 4 a brief critique of a reducing diet Each assignment will be relatively brief 2 3 pages of writing and all but the last will be discrete i e problem set like tasks Specific details about each assignment will be provided in the weeks that they are assigned 4 Grading The breakdown of grading for this class will be as follows 40 Each one of the four assignments will count as 10 of your grade for the course totaling 40 20 Midterm exam Midterm will be in class on Thursday 12 February 40 Cumulative final exam Homework assignments are due at the start of class on the Thursday of the week they are due Late assignments will lose one third of a grade each day following the due date Make up exams will be granted only in unusual circumstances and only when appropriately documented as legitimate e g by a doctor residence dean etc 5 Syllabus Week 1 6 January Background Human Evolutionary Ecology 1 Life History Theory 2 What Is Ecology 3 The Comparative Perspective 4 Scaling 5 Is Evolution Useful 2 Readings Armelagos 1987 Mann and Truswell 2002 ch 2 3 Willmer et al 2000 ch 1 Recommended Willmer et al 2000 ch 1 2 Week 2 13 January The Building Blocks Nutritional Components of the Human Diet 1 Energy and Macronutrients 2 Micronutrients 3 Antifeedants 4 Dispersal Syndromes Readings Mann and Truswell 2002 chapters 4 5 Hladik and Chivers 1994 Chivers and Langer 1994 Recommended Jackson 1991 Week 3 20 January Metabolic Physiology 1 Hormones and the Organization of the Neuroendocrine System 2 Energy Protein and Lipid Metabolism Assignment 24 hour Food Recall Readings Vander et al 2001 ch 17 18 Diamond 2003 Week 4 27 January Human Growth I Process Readings Tanner 1990 ch 1 6 Schroeder et al 1995 Brown and Pollitt 1996 Leigh 1996 Week 5 3 February Human Growth II Measurement 1 Growth Standards 2 Stunting Wasting and Catch Up Growth Assignment Plotting Growth Curves Readings Tanner 1990 ch 7 12 Suskind et al 2001 Martorell et al 1994 Week 6 10 February Growth and Maturation Assignment Midterm Exam Thursday 12 February Readings Ellison 1981 Prentice and Whitehead 1987 Week 7 17 February Ecology of Food Distribution 1 Trophic Flows 2 Phenology 3 3 Jarman Bell Readings Van Schaik et al 1993 Wrangham et al 1999 Ungar and Teaford 2002 ch 6 7 Week 8 24 February Economies of Food Extraction 1 Foraging 2 Horticulture 3 Agriculture 4 Industrial and Post Industrial Economies Assignment Distributional Ecology Readings Ungar and Teaford 2002 ch 3 6 Week 9 2 March Ecology and Epidemiology 1 Malnutrition 2 Obesity Assignment Critique of reduction diet Readings Start Brownell and Horgen 2004 Week 10 9 March Thoughts on Diet and Health Readings Finish Brownell and Horgen 2004 Ungar and Teaford 2002 ch 8 References Armelagos G J 1987 Biocultural aspects of food choice In M Harris and E Ross Eds Food and evolution Toward a theory of human food habits pp 579 594 Philadelphia Temple University Press Brown J L and R Pollitt 1996 Malnutrition poverty and intellectual development Scientific American 1996 38 43 Brownell K D and K B Horgen 2004 Food fight The inside story of the food industry America s obesity crisis and what we can do about it Chicago Contemporary Books Chivers D J and P Langer 1994 Food form and function Interrelationships and future needs In D Chivers and P Langer Eds The digestive system in mammals Food form and function pp 411 430 Cambridge Cambridge University Press Diamond J M 2003 The double puzzle of diabetes Nature 423 599 602 4 Ellison P T 1981 Threshold hypotheses developmental age and menstral function American Journal of Physical Anthropology 54 3 337 340 Hladik C M and D J Chivers 1994 Foods and the digestive system In D Chivers and P Langer Eds The digestive system in mammals Food form and function pp 65 73 Cambridge Cambridge University Press Jackson F L C 1991 Secondary compounds in plants allelochemicals as promoters of human biological variability Annual Review of Anthropology 20 505 546 Leigh S R 1996 Evolution of human growth spurts American Journal of Physical Anthropology 101 455 474 Mann J and S Truswell Eds 2002 Essentials of human nutrition Oxford Oxford


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