NYU CINE-GT 1800 - Technological History of Fox Movietone News (11 pages)

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Technological History of Fox Movietone News



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Technological History of Fox Movietone News

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Pages:
11
School:
New York University
Course:
Cine-Gt 1800 - Intro to Miap

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Irene E Taylor Introduction to MIAP Technological History of Fox Movietone News From Edison s attempts to incorporate the technologies of moving pictures and the phonograph to the synchronized sound in Don Juan 1926 and of course The Jazz Singer 1927 the history of the development of sound in the cinema has been well documented 1 The purpose here then is not to restate the history of sound but rather to better illustrate the involvement of Theodore Case and E I Sponable and their sound on film invention lead to the formation of the Fox Case Corporation in 1926 The reason this development is so significant in film history is because it allowed for the testing of sound on film The reason this arrangement is so important for this paper is because the testing and practice was done largely through the newsreel In three 1947 issues of the Journal of the Motion Picture Engineers Earl Sponable not surprisingly plays up the magnitude Theodore Case had on the history of sound in cinema 2 Relying heavily on Case s own correspondence Sponable gives a year by year account of the development of sound films up to and including the success of Movietone News Case began in 1911 to experiment on sound recording while still a student at Yale University He and Sponable met and began to work together in 1916 Figure 1a 3 Theirs was not the only collaboration At times Case and Sponable were involved with Dr Lee de Forest engineers at the Bell and Howell Company as well as the Western Electric Company The 1 See for example Harry M Geduld The Birth of the Talkies From Edison to Jolson Bloomington Indiana UP 1975 Evan Willaim Cameron ed Sound and the Cinma The Coming of Sound to American Film Pleasantville Redgrave 1980 and Edward W Kellogg s multiple installments History of Sound Motion Pictures Journal of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers 64 1955 291 302 356 74 and 422 37 2 E I Sponable Development of Sound Films in Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers 48



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