CAMPBELL REL 125 - Topic 2 Pentateuch (16 pages)

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Topic 2 Pentateuch



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Topic 2 Pentateuch

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Pages:
16
School:
Campbell University
Course:
Rel 125 -

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The Pentateuch Topic 2 Terminology Pentateuch five books Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Torah law Content Pre history of Israel i ii iii Primeval history Gen 1 11 Creation and fall of world Patriarchal history Gen 12 50 Promise to be God s nation The Exodus Exodus Deut Deliverance and journey to promised land Origin of Pentateuch two theories 1 2 Mosaic authorship Moses wrote Pentateuch Documentary hypothesis Evidence of multiple authors varied styles multiple accounts of same story e g Creation told twice contradictions etc Four originally separate source documents woven together J 950 BC Yahwistic source uses Yahweh God s personal name E 800 BC Elohistic source uses Elohim generic word for God D 650 BC Deuteronomic source mostly in Deuteronomy P 550 BC Priestly source priestly perspective I Primeval History Gen 1 11 A Creation of the world Gen 1 2 1 Two accounts of Creation a P account 1 1 2 4a majestic poetic account b Elohim generic Hebrew word for God Begins with dark watery chaos Orderly seven days light humans Humans made in image of God Creation is pronounced good Rested on 7th day Sabbath rooted in structure of creation J account 2 4b 25 down to earth account Yahweh LORD in all caps indicates Hebrew text has Yahweh personal name of Israel s god other sources defer use of Yahweh until Exodus 3 Different imagery begins with dry barren desert Different order Man Adam man mankind made first Garden of Eden delight vegetation Animals naming of animals symbolizes dominion over them Woman Eve life last but not least Tree of Life symbolizes potential for immortality Tree of Knowledge symbolizes testing of obedience I Primeval History Gen 1 11 2 Literal or theological a Literal historical scientific accurate account of origins Then what do we do with differences between accounts What do we do with differences from scientific findings b Theological point is in the theological message Faith affirmation Israel s God created all that is Mankind has special



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