CAMPBELL REL 125 - Topic 2 Pentateuch (16 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 of 16 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Topic 2 Pentateuch



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Topic 2 Pentateuch

49 views


Pages:
16
School:
Campbell University
Course:
Rel 125 -
Unformatted text preview:

The Pentateuch Topic 2 Terminology Pentateuch five books Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Torah law Content Pre history of Israel i ii iii Primeval history Gen 1 11 Creation and fall of world Patriarchal history Gen 12 50 Promise to be God s nation The Exodus Exodus Deut Deliverance and journey to promised land Origin of Pentateuch two theories 1 2 Mosaic authorship Moses wrote Pentateuch Documentary hypothesis Evidence of multiple authors varied styles multiple accounts of same story e g Creation told twice contradictions etc Four originally separate source documents woven together J 950 BC Yahwistic source uses Yahweh God s personal name E 800 BC Elohistic source uses Elohim generic word for God D 650 BC Deuteronomic source mostly in Deuteronomy P 550 BC Priestly source priestly perspective I Primeval History Gen 1 11 A Creation of the world Gen 1 2 1 Two accounts of Creation a P account 1 1 2 4a majestic poetic account b Elohim generic Hebrew word for God Begins with dark watery chaos Orderly seven days light humans Humans made in image of God Creation is pronounced good Rested on 7th day Sabbath rooted in structure of creation J account 2 4b 25 down to earth account Yahweh LORD in all caps indicates Hebrew text has Yahweh personal name of Israel s god other sources defer use of Yahweh until Exodus 3 Different imagery begins with dry barren desert Different order Man Adam man mankind made first Garden of Eden delight vegetation Animals naming of animals symbolizes dominion over them Woman Eve life last but not least Tree of Life symbolizes potential for immortality Tree of Knowledge symbolizes testing of obedience I Primeval History Gen 1 11 2 Literal or theological a Literal historical scientific accurate account of origins Then what do we do with differences between accounts What do we do with differences from scientific findings b Theological point is in the theological message Faith affirmation Israel s God created all that is Mankind has special place in creation and in relationship with Creator Compatible with scientific theories God created world evolution is how he did it 3 Genesis vs Enuma Elish Babylonian account a Similarities both bring order out of chaos have similar sequence of creation presuppose pre scientific three storied universe b Differences c Nature of God polytheism vs monotheism Nature of humanity lowly afterthought vs crowning glory Distinctive of Genesis is not scientific description but theological perspective 4 Conclusion read Genesis not for scientific explanation but for theological message Three Storied Universe I Primeval History Gen 1 11 B The Fall Gen 3 Rebellion in the Garden 1 Sin Ate forbidden fruit not called apple Sin is rebellion against God 2 Judgment Serpent crawl on belly Woman increased pain in childbirth Man unrewarded labor Expulsion from Garden lost immortality alienated from God 3 Grace God s continuing care in spite of sin Made clothing Allowed to bear children I Primeval History Gen 1 11 Sin Judgment Ate forbidden fruit Crawl pain in Rebellion in childbirth toil Garden Gen 3 Grace Clothing children expulsion Cain and Abel Murder fratricide Unrewarded labor Protective mark wanderer without protection Great flood General multiplication of wickedness Universal flood Gen 4 Gen 6 9 Tower of Babel Building of city Gen 11 and tower selfseeking pride Noah s ark Call and promise to Confusion of language scattering Abraham Israel to be redemptive people of of people God Gen 12 ff II Patriarchal History Gen 12 50 A Abraham Gen 12 25 Map 1 Founding father of Israel Abraham father of many 2 Abraham s call and promise Gen 12 1 3 a Demand Go to a new land which God will show him b Promise Great nation Israel Descendants many heirs Israel as chosen people Land Promised Land Israel to be instrument of blessing for all nations 3 Migration from Mesopotamia Ur Haran to Canaan a Promised Land is known as Canaan or Palestine b Strategically located between Egypt and Mesopotamia 4 Theme of barrenness of Sarah and other patriarchal wives and struggle to trust God s promise 5 Abraham is revered by all three major monotheistic religions Judaism Christianity Islam II Patriarchal History Gen 12 50 B Isaac Gen 21 26 1 Born in old age of Abraham and Sarah evidence that promise will be fulfilled 2 Near sacrifice binding of Isaac Gen 22 moving disturbing story of testing of Abraham s faith ram is substituted C Jacob Gen 27 35 1 2 3 4 Trickster deceiver cheated older twin brother Esau out of birthright Refuge in Mesopotamia with uncle Laban deceived into marrying Leah before Rachel running feud with Laban Return to Canaan strange nocturnal wrestling match name changed to Israel one who contends with God Twelve sons Gen 35 23 26 ancestors of 12 tribes of Israel D Joseph story Gen 37 50 1 2 3 4 Sold into slavery by older jealous brothers Rises to power in Egypt by interpreting the pharaoh s dreams Famine brings patriarchal family to settle in delta of Egypt Genesis closes in Egypt background of Exodus III The Exodus Exodus Deut c 1290 BC Exodus the going out deliverance from slavery in Egypt led by Moses A Deliverance from Egypt 1 2 Oppression in Egypt Ex 1 new pharaoh enslaves Israelites Preparation of Moses Ex 2 4 a b c 3 Confronting the Pharaoh Ex 5 12 a b c 4 Let my people go Pharaoh refuses increases Hebrews burdens Ten Plagues Yahweh vs gods of Egypt 10th plague death Preparations marked doors with lamb s blood special meal with lamb unleavened bread etc ate in haste shoes on staff in hand Deliverance at the Sea Ex 12 15 a b 5 Hidden by Hebrew parents adopted by Pharaoh s daughter Kills Egyptian slave master flees to Midian Burning bush experience God reveals his name Yahweh commissions Moses to rescue Hebrew slaves Was it the Red Sea Greek text or Reed Sea Hebrew text Who made the wind blow Significance of the Exodus a b Central event in history of Israel made Israel into a nation people of God reveals Yahweh as a caring redeeming God Passover annual Jewish celebration of Exodus reenacts night of 10th plague III The Exodus Exodus Deut c 1290 BC B Covenant at Mt Sinai Map 1 Covenant An agreement binding two parties together under mutual obligation Many types Based on God s deliverance of Israel Ex 19 4 6 2 Ten Commandments Stipulations terms of the covenant Known as Decalogue ten words Found in Exodus 20 and Deut 5 Absolute form Thou shalt not The Ten Commandments Preamble Ex 20 2 God s deliverance exodus puts Israel under obligation Vertical


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Topic 2 Pentateuch and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Topic 2 Pentateuch and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?