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Small Scale Bio Fuel Production Identifying the Major Issues Joel Schumacher M S Montana State University Small Scale Production Major Issues Seed Source Seed Processing Biodiesel Process Markets Government Involvement Seed Sources Questions to ask What is your current oilseed production If you expand your oilseed production how will this affect your crop rotations Seed Source Canola Canola Price and Production 70 000 12 00 60 000 10 00 50 000 8 00 40 000 6 00 30 000 4 00 20 000 10 000 2 00 0 0 00 1999 2000 2001 2002 Planted Acres Data obtained from NASS 2003 2004 2005 Price per Cwt 2006 Price Acres Seed Source Safflower 16 00 14 00 12 00 10 00 8 00 6 00 4 00 2 00 0 00 50 000 40 000 30 000 20 000 10 000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Planted Acres Data obtained from NASS Price per Cwt Price Safflower Price and Production Acres Seed Source Flax 60 000 10 00 50 000 8 00 40 000 6 00 30 000 4 00 20 000 10 000 2 00 0 0 00 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Acres Data obtained from NASS Price per Bushel Price Acres Flax Price and Production Seed Source Mustard Mustard Price and Production 20 00 30 000 15 00 20 000 10 00 15 000 10 000 5 00 5 000 0 0 00 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Acres Data obtained from NASS Price per Cwt Price Acres 25 000 Seed Source Camelina Average Yield WestBred 2006 Trials 1 200 lbs acre Average Price 2006 Production Estimates 7 000 to 20 000 acres Limited Information about rotational effects Seed Source Potential for Purchasing Seed Average Montana Production 2002 2005 Canola Flax Safflower Mustard Camelina 11 517 Metric Tons 9 685 Metric Tons 13 055 Metric Tons 4 373 Metric Tons Essentially no production until 2005 Seed Source Contracted Production of Oilseeds A 2004 Survey of MGGA Members indicated the following percentages of specialty crops were sold under some type of contract 46 8 of Canola 73 2 of Mustard 97 5 of Safflower 11 6 of Flax Oilseed Processing 4 ton per day TPD press Oilseed Processing Questions to ask



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