UF COP 5725 - HOMEWORK 1 (3 pages)

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HOMEWORK 1



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HOMEWORK 1

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3
School:
University of Florida-Gainesville
Course:
Cop 5725 - Database Management Systems
Database Management Systems Documents
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COP5725 DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS HOMEWORK 1 Due Date Thursday 09 07 Exercise 2 5 Notown Records has decided to store information about musicians who perform on its albums as well as other company data in a database The company has wisely chosen to hire you as a database designer at your usual consulting fee of 2500 day Each musician that records at Notown has an SSN a name an address and a phone number Poorly paid musicians often share the same address and no address has more than one phone Each instrument used in songs recorded at Notown has a unique identification number a name e g guitar synthesizer flute and a musical key e g C B flat E flat Each album recorded on the Notown label has a unique identification number a title a copyright date a format e g CD or MC and an album identifier Each song recorded at Notown has a title and an author Each musician may play several instruments and a given instrument may be played by several musicians Each album has a number of songs on it but no song may appear on more than one album Each song is performed by one or more musicians and a musician may perform a number of songs Each album has exactly one musician who acts as its producer A musician may produce several albums of course Design a conceptual schema for Notown and draw an ER diagram for your schema The preceding information describes the situation that the Notown database must model Be sure to indicate all key and cardinality constraints and any assumptions you make Identify any constraints you are unable to capture in the ER diagram and briefly explain why you could not express them Exercise 2 6 Computer Sciences Department frequent fliers have been complaining to Dane County Airport officials about the poor organization at the airport As a result the officials decided that all information related to the airport should be organized using a DBMS and you have been hired to design the database Your first task is to organize the information about all the airplanes stationed and maintained at the airport The relevant information is as follows Every airplane has a registration number and each airplane is of a specific model The airport accommodates a number of airplane models and each model is identified by a model number e g DC 10 and has a capacity and a weight A number of technicians work at the airport You need to store the name SSN address phone number and salary of each technician Each technician is an expert on one or more plane model s and his or her expertise may overlap with that of other technicians This information about technicians must also be recorded Traffic controllers must have an annual medical examination For each traffic controller you must store the date of the most recent exam All airport employees including technicians belong to a union You must store the union membership number of each employee You can assume that each employee is uniquely identified by a social security number The airport has a number of tests that are used periodically to ensure that airplanes are still airworthy Each test has a Federal Aviation Administration FAA test number a name and a maximum possible score The FAA requires the airport to keep track of each time a given airplane is tested by a given technician using a given test For each testing event the information needed is the date the number of hours the technician spent doing the test and the score the airplane received on the test 1 Draw an ER diagram for the airport database Be sure to indicate the various attributes of each entity and relationship set also specify the key and participation constraints for each relationship set Specify any necessary overlap and covering constraints as well in English 2 The FAA passes a regulation that tests on a plane must be conducted by a technician who is an expert on that model How would you express this constraint in the ER diagram If you cannot express it explain briefly Exercise 2 7 The Prescriptions R X chain of pharmacies has offered to give you a free lifetime supply of medicine if you design its database Given the rising cost of health care you agree He re s th e information that you gather Patients are identified by an SSN and their names addresses and ages must be recorded Doctors are identified by an SSN For each doctor the name specialty and years of experience must be recorded Each pharmaceutical company is identified by name and has a phone number For each drug the trade name and formula must be recorded Each drug is sold by a given pharmaceutical company and the trade name identifies a drug uniquely from among the products of that company If a pharmaceutical company is deleted you need not keep track of its products any longer Each pharmacy has a name address and phone number Every patient has a primary physician Every doctor has at least one patient Each pharmacy sells several drugs and has a price for each A drug could be sold at several pharmacies and the price could vary from one pharmacy to another Doctors prescribe drugs for patients A doctor could prescribe one or more drugs for several patients and a patient could obtain prescriptions from several doctors Each prescription has a date and a quantity associated with it You can assume that if a doctor prescribes the same drug for the same patient more than once only the last such prescription needs to be stored Pharmaceutical companies have long term contracts with pharmacies A pharmaceutical company can contract with several pharmacies and a pharmacy can contract with several pharmaceutical companies For each contract you have to store a start date an end date and the text of the contract Pharmacies appoint a supervisor for each contract There must always be a supervisor for each contract but the contract supervisor can change over the lifetime of the contract 1 Draw an ER diagram that captures the preceding information Identify any constraints not captured by the ER diagram 2 How would your design change if each drug must be sold at a fixed price by all pharmacies 3 How would your design change if the design requirements change as follows If a doctor prescribes the same drug for the same patient more than once several such prescriptions may have to be stored


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