IUPUI GEOG-G 337 - Sample Test - Attending to the "personality of a map" (17 pages)

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Sample Test - Attending to the "personality of a map"



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Sample Test - Attending to the "personality of a map"

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Pages:
17
School:
Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
Course:
Geog-G 337 - Computer cartography and Graphics
Unformatted text preview:

TYPE Attending to the personality of a map 1 Type basics a Three categories of type b Size and legibility c Special characters 2 Changing the size of text a Type size b Line spacing leading 3 Type effects a Shadows b Halos 4 Label placement for point line and area features This material has been compiled from Designing Better Maps A Guide for GIS Users Cindy Brewer 2005 ESRI Press Type categories Three basics Type with serifs Notice the feet on I Courier has uniform kerning clunky Convention serif type used for water features Easier to read block of text and smaller size Type categories Three basics Type without serifs sans serif Tahoma cheats a bit j and I Convention sans serif type used for cultural features Difficult to read blocks of text but good labels Type categories Three basics Display type Difficult to read more for decoration Use sparingly if at all Perhaps in title or logo on specialty map Type and legibility Play it safe Note the x height difference between Garamond and Palatino Purple box for comparison of x height Palatino will be easier to read on a crowded background Difficult situation Small italicized and angled Relatively common on maps Goudy yuck Verdana yummy Special characters symbols and diacritical marks Professional credibility Available via Windows Insert into ArcMap Be certain it prints correctly Type size and legibility Play it safe 3 point type 9 point type 12 point type 18 point type 32 point type 48 point type 72 point type Type sized from 3 to 72 points 72 points per inch Type variation among families at same size Three type families same point size Batang short descenders and wide letters Haett tall x height and tight letter spacing Experimentation is necessary Switching midway through requires re placing labels Leading Tighten up Left to right 2 point default and 8 point leading Type effects Shadows increase contrast for improved legibility Type effects Shadows Left to right No shadow shadow 5pt 5pt Left to right Too much shadow 2pt effective shadow 5 Type effects Halo Left to right Notice how halo improves contrast in both examples Beware Halos often look chunky overly thick Point label placement In the good examples the label is shift up or down Confusion may result if the label and symbol are on the same level Point label placement rejecting the preferred placement In both examples it makes perfect sense to reject the preferred positions Point label placement two standards Don t allow a line to separate the feature from its label That said place coastal feature labels in the water and don t allow the label to span surf and turf Line label placement Area label placement


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