View Full Document


Unformatted text preview:

Lesson Plan 9 Reading Skills Inference for advanced learners 9 0 12 9 INTRODUCTION Inference is a mental process by which we reach a conclusion based on specific evidence We engage in inference every day We infer people are thirsty if they ask for a glass of water We seek purposes and reasons Inferences are not random but are based on supporting evidence In reading inference or reading between the lines is an important skill for advanced level readers Students learn that they can infer or interpret what an author means based on word selection context structure and or a specific reference Reading for inference is an important skill for successful transitioning to post secondary education or training OBJECTIVES In this lesson students will be able to recognize that word selection context and structure can provide clues to meaning recognize that reference is important to meaning and overall comprehension understand how the ability to make inferences to read between the lines enhances reading comprehension PROCEDURE 1 Teacher chooses a passage to read 2 Teacher and students read the passage Sentence in sample passage During World War II the United States fought the Germans mainly in Europe and the Japanese mainly in the Pacific 3 Teacher asks What are we not told specifically about the Pacific Answer that it s an ocean Teacher points out We have to understand the reference that the Pacific refers to the Pacific Ocean Why might that be important to our overall understanding of the rest of this article whatever it may be Answer because if we know that Europe is a continent and the Pacific is an ocean we will be better able to understand what the author is talking about 4 Teacher asks According to the sentence which of the two countries may we infer engaged in the most naval battles with the United States Answer Japan Why do you think so Because if we fought Japan mainly in the Pacific and the Pacific is an ocean those fights would have been at sea and thus naval battles 5 Teacher asks From the sentence can we infer who won World War II Answer No The sentence simply states a fact It contains no reference or inference regarding victory 6 Teacher asks From the sentence structure can we infer from whose point of view the United States Germany or Japan that the rest of this article is most likely written Answer Yes The United States The United States appears first in the sentence If the article had been written from the POV of Germany or Japan the sentence would most likely have been constructed to read During World War II Germany fought or During World War II Japan fought 7 Teacher asks Want to see what happens if we change the word selection a bit Let s change the sentence to read During World War II the United States attacked Germany mainly in Europe and Japan mainly in the Pacific How is attacked different from fought Would that change the meaning Answer Attacked implies offensive rather than defensive action Attacked is stronger than fought and it implies or infers that the United States made the first strike So yes it would change the meaning CONCLUSION After numerous opportunities to practice inferential reading with various passages and texts students gain familiarity with reading between the lines and recognize that authors intentionally include certain words references contexts and structures to convey meaning that is inferred rather than directly stated The ability to perform inferential reading is an extremely important reading skill as students progress in their studies and transition to post secondary education Lesson plan developed by Linda Cox SIPDC 2008 Reference Dan Kurland www criticalreading com inference process htm Reading and Writing Ideas As Well As Words

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Reading Skills – Inference and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Reading Skills – Inference and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?