Palomar HIST 102 - HIST 102 Outline - The Winds of Change (9 pages)

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HIST 102 Outline - The Winds of Change



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HIST 102 Outline - The Winds of Change

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Pages:
9
School:
Palomar College
Course:
Hist 102 - History Of The United States Since Reconstruction
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History 102 Outline II The Winds of Change The Forgettable Five Rutherford B Hayes James A Garfield Chester A Arthur Grover Cleveland Benjamin Harrison 1877 1881 Hayes Republican Withdrawal from the South Reconstruction Rocoe Conkling s NY Stalwarts Machinists James G Blaine s Maine Reformers Half Breeds Patronage Failed Civil Reform Lemonade Lucy 1881 July 2 1881 James A Garfield Republican Half Breed V P Chester A Arthur Stalwart Conklingite Pendleton Act of 1883 Civil Service Reform Republican Rift of 1884 James Blaine Nominated Mugwumps bolt party Democrats Grover Cleveland the Veto Governor of New York Dr Samuel Buchard Rum Romanism and Rebellion charge against Democrats 1888 The Tariff Issue Democrats against protection Republicans for protection Election of 1888 Cleveland gets 100 000 more popular votes loses Electoral College 233 to 168 President Harrison Sherman Antitrust Act and interstate commerce McKinley Act of 1890 Democratic Sweep of 1892 return of Cleveland The Agrarian Revolt Wilson Gorman Tariff Bill added 2 income tax on all income over 4 000 Supreme Court Response to Wilson Gorman 16th amendment in 1913 1886 The Wabash Case Wabash St Louis and Pacific Railway Co v Illinois Narrowing of interpretations of interstate commerce 1887 Interstate Commerce Act Interstate Commerce Commission ICC Long Short haul equity Publishing Rates 1867 National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry Oliver Kelley The Granger s Goals 1 Scientific Agriculture 2 Feeling of Community 3 Marketing Cooperatives History 102 p 1 Outline II Winds of Change 4 State Legislatures in Midwest Railroad Rates 1875 Texas Farmers others Farmer s Alliance Movement 1 Cooperatives 2 Stores 3 Banks 4 Processing Plants 5 Cooperation neighborly responsibility 1889 Ocala Florida The Ocala Demands Alliance Endorsements 12 state legislatures 6 Governors 50 representatives 3 Senators Birth of The People s Party Populism at Omaha 1892 Convention 1 500 local Populist officials in 1892 James Weaver gets 8 5 pop vote 22 electoral What did the Populists Want 1 Subtreasuries warehouses 2 Abolish National Banks 3 No more absentee land ownership 4 Direct election of Senators 5 Regulation or government ownership of Railroads Telegraphs Telephones 6 Gradated Income Tax 7 Inflation of Currency 8 Remonetization of Silver Panic of 1893 Reading and Philadelphia Railroad Failure Lasts until 1898 Jacob Coxey Coxey s Army The Silver Issue What bases currency Bimetalism The old way 1870 Official Mint Ratio 16 1 silver gold ve Market Ratio Rose above 16 1873 Discontinues Silver Coins Late 1870s Silver drops below 16 the Crime of 73 Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1893 Cleveland calls for repeal Election of 1896 Republicans Gold Standard European Agreement to silver William McKinley Democrats Warring Platforms final speaker in convention William Jennings Bryan Bryan s Cross of Gold Speech the Populist Plight History 102 p 2 Outline II Winds of Change Bryan s political stumping Republican outspend 7 million to 300 000 1897 President William McKinley Dingley Tariff return to protectionism Currency Act of 1900 Gold Questions of the Populist Movement 1 Anti Semitic 2 The interracial experiment failure 3 Populist Failure 4 Who were Populists 5 Populism s Legacy History 102 p 3 Outline II Winds of Change The Rise of Imperial America The New Manifest Destiny Racial Social Darwinism Alfred Tahyer Mahan The Influence of Sea Power Upon History 1890 Thesis 2 coasts reliance on colonies 1890 move to 5th largest navy 1898 3rd largest navy 1889 Secretary of State James Blaine Pan American Congress 1895 Venezuela and British Guiana border dispute Violation of Monroe Doctrine Hawaii 1875 Duty Free Sugar 1887 Pearl Harbor base on Oahu Samoa Pago Pago the US Germany Britain 1895 Cuban Revolt against Spain in part due to Wilson Gorman Tariff 1894 effect on sugar Valeriano The Butcher Wayler Hearst Pulitzer 1895 McKinley more interventionist than Cleveland had been conflict dying down 1897 The Dupuy de Lome Spanish Minister incident The destruction of the Maine 1898 Attempt at armistice and Peace but Spain refuses to negotiate with rebels April 25 1898 Spanish American War Ends August 12 1898 Armistice in Dec Splendid Little War vs racial conflicts Asst Sec Of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt Commodore George Dewey the Philippines Charge of Kettle Hill San Juan Hill Rough Riders Cuba Puerto Rico Guam Question of the Philippines The unusual fight Twain Carnegie Gompers The role of William Jennings Bryan 1900 Election Bryan vs McKinley Territorial Status Hawaii 1900 Alaska 1912 Puerto Rice 1917 Cuba The Platt Amendment 1901 The Philippine War 1898 1902 Capture of Emilio Aguinaldo Gen Arthur MacArthur China Sec Of State John Hay the Open Door Notes Sent to Russia Germany Italy England Japan France Spheres of Influence the tariff Boxer Rebellion of 1900 History 102 p 4 Outline II Winds of Change Elihu Root and the modern military 1900 1903 Fort Levenworth Army Staff College General Staff Joint Chiefs of Staff PROGRESSIVISM Flavors of Intervention 1 Anti monopoly Economic 2 The Social Order Social 3 Efficient Organized Society Political Traits 1 Optimistic 2 Improvement and Perfection 3 State Intervention The Muckrakers Social Gospel Lincoln Steffans McClure s The Shame of the City Religion and Reform Salvation Army Charles Sheldon In His Steps Settlement House Movement The question of the Effects of the Environment 1889 Hull House Jane Addams Social Work Eleanor Roosevelt Scientific Management love of expertise Taylorism Rise of the New Middle Class The professions Professional Societies Genderization of Professions Teachers Women s Clubs Move for Progressive Political Reform Strategies 1 Move from Australian to Secret Ballot 2 Municipal Reform Galveston TX 1900 Nonpartisan Commissions City Manager Models 3 Turn to State Level but not legislatures Initiatives Referendums Primaries History 102 p 5 Outline II Winds of Change The Recall Election 4 National Reform Slower 1912 13 Seventeenth Amendment Direct Election of Senate Success Governors Woodrow Wilson New Jersey anti trust Hiram Johnson California Southern Pacific Robert M LaFollette of Wisconsin Regulation of railroads utilities referendums initiatives workplace reform Decline of Parties Starts Rise of Interest Groups Machine Bosses adopt some reform agendas Triangle Shirtwaist Fire in 1911 New York 146 Social Progressives Crusades Temperance revival of power 1879 Francis Willard Women s Christian


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