Sac State HIST 127 - Study Notes (7 pages)

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Study Notes

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Pages:
7
School:
California State University, Sacramento
Course:
Hist 127 - Christianity Since Reform

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0 o Essay 1 topic 3 Alex Sheppard I ft L I L4 L e t JJ A tt L ti t For almost five hundred years the debatehas raged among Christiansover the nature of spiritual salvation Ever since Martin Luther made his stand that salvation comes only from faith and that human works cannot restore the relationship to God shatteredby sin and the Catholic church re emphasizedits stance that salvation is iJ9 j through faith alive in works and that works can bring us closer to God the controversy has shatteredthe once unified body of believers While it is true that the differences different from that of the Council of Trent asmanybelieve owever I alsohopeto show that wherethe two positions differ the Catholicposition is the closerposition to scripture between the two stancesare substantial I maintain that Luther s stanceis not nearly so First the definition of justification and the effect it has on the relationshipbetweenGod and man secondon the state of those who have beenjustified and the nature of their works and fmany the nature of faith itself While it is certainly not possible to completelyoverthrow a point of view that hasexistedand thrived for five centuries I do hope to cast some doubt on its correctness t L C r LfL Probablymost central to the whole disputeis the different view Protestantsand Catholics take on the definition of Justification Two parties can certainly not be expectedto agreeon the natureof somethingif they can not agreeon its definition The Council of Trent states that Justification of the impious is indicated as being a translationfrom that statewherein man is born a child of the first Adam to the stateof grace 32 Trent ses 6 ch 4 and also by the graceof our Lord JesusChrist which is conferred in baptism the guiJ c r 1 original sin is remitted the whole of that which has e true and proper nature of sin is taken away 23 Trent ses 5 par 5 This differs from Luther s position that even after baptism man is still inherently corrupt and unpleasingto God but God



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