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The evolution of Regional Economic Institutions



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The evolution of Regional Economic Institutions REI into security institutions or The demise of realist military alliances Kathy Powers Department of Political Science Penn State University State College PA 16802 email klp18 psu edu and Gary Goertz Department of Political Science University of Arizona Tucson Arizona 85721 email ggoertz u arizona edu October 29 2006 This project was supported by funding from the National Science Foundation grant SES 02415754 the Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Institute and the Udall Center for Public Policy at the University of Arizona as well as a PEIR grant from the Department of Political Science at Pennsylvania State University We would like to thank Peter Katzenstein Ulrich Krotz Ashley Leeds and Frank Baumgartner for discussions that inspired major aspects of this paper We would also like to thank Chuck Boehmer Emilie Hafner Burton David Lake Paul Ingram and Bruce Russett and participants at seminars at the University of Chicago and Northwestern for useful suggestions Abstract The paper shows that a major change has occurred in the international system since the end of the Cold War Realist multilateral alliances have become extinct and security functions are being taken over by international institutions such as the UN and Regional Economic Institutions REIs This system level change is due to the dramatically increased difficulty in winning wars and changes in system norms permitting and encouraging international institutions to get involved in civil and international conflicts The paper explores in more detail how this systematic change has played out in Africa where all REIs have become security institutions and where traditional realist military alliances no longer exist 1 Introduction This paper examines one central aspect of the study of international institutions and organizations the relationship among international conflict management institutions and military alliances1 when both are potential means for



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