Social Security


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S o c i a l S e c u r i t y: Can It Be Fixed? by Angela Oberbauer  2005 The Preamble To The Constitution We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the General Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do Ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. The Roots of Social Welfare in the America 1. Before the 20th Century, little welfare: public education, veterans of Wars, and for farmers in late 19th Century. 2. Somewhat social help with severe depression in mid 1890s. 3. The Great Depression: from 1929 throughout early and mid 1930s. 4. President Franklin D. Roosevelt elected 1932, and his “New Deal Programs of Relief, Recovery, and Reform”: A. Challenges facing Roosevelt: --Enormous unemployment; 25% across the nation, however, 50% in many communities relying on one or two hard-hit industries. B. New Deal Programs:  Executive Order, Nov. 1933 Created Civil Works Admin. --Emergency Federal employment  Federal Emergency Relief Adm. --Few dollars a week to unemployed.  Works Progress Adm. --Paid out $55.00 a month --Construction or improvement of more than 20,000 schools, playgrounds, hospitals, and airfields across the nation.  Social Security Act 1935.

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