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UNC-Chapel Hill SOCI 111 - Ancient Rome

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Slide 1GovernmentGovernment BackgroundThe RepublicSlide 5The EmpireSlide 7Slide 8Roman Empire in 250 B.C After wars with allies, the Etruscans, the Samnites and the Greeks, Rome is victorious and has city-states that pay tribute to Rome where citizenship is either offered or can be earned.Roman Empire in 241-227 B.C. After the first Punic War, the Romans take control of Sicily and later take possession of Sardinia and Corsica. Praetors are created to be the official governing body in each of Rome’s new provinces (Sicily, Sardinia/Corsica).Roman Empire in 197 B.C. After the Second Punic War, Rome takes Southern Spain from the Carthaginians, dividing it into Hispana Citerior and Hispana Ulterior, each with its own praetor.Roman Empire in 167 B.C. In the Third Macedonian War, Rome defeats King Gentium and takes an unofficial hold of the Ilyrian coastline.Roman Empire in 146 B.C. Corinth and Carthage are defeated and destroyed. Macedonia-Achaia and Africa are added as provinces of Rome.Roman Empire in 133 B.C. The Lusitanii are defeated in Northern and Eastern Spain. King Attalus Pergamum in Asia Minor leaves his wealthy kingdom in his will to the possession of Rome.Roman Empire in 121-102 B.C. Celtic tribes, along with the Teutones and the Cimbri along the Rhone are defeated, allowing the addition of the Gallia Narbonensis province. The Baelaric Islands are taken and Roman Victory over pirates in part of Cilicia in Southern Asia Minor also adds new territory.Roman Empire in 74-60 B.C. After Sulla’s defeat of the King of Pontus, the province Bithynia et Pontus in present-day Northern Turkey is added. Pompey later expands this territory and creates a new province, Syria, though no new praetors are added.Roman Empire in 44 B.C. Caesar conquers the majority of Gaul. Pompey takes control of Northern Spain.Family and Gender RelationsMarriageHouseholdsMenWomenChildrenFoods, Festivals, and Holidays in Ancient RomeRoman CuisineRoman Festivals and HolidaysSaturnalia: Rites of Bona Dea:The ConsualiaLupercalia February 15thRecreationGladiatorsGladiatorsRoman TheatreSlide 34Other RecreationsAncient Roman ReligionPagan ReligionThe godsTemplesFestivals of the GodsSacrificesVestal VirginsHome Life and ReligionReligious ToleranceRoman Art and ArchitectureSlide 46Slide 47Slide 48Slide 49Slide 50Why is Rome an Agrarian Society?Slide 52Slide 53Advanced Agrarian SocietiesSlide 55Slide 56Rome as an Advanced Agrarian SocietySlide 58Ancient RomeGroup 3March 9, 2007GovernmentDomestic PoliticsGovernment Background•Roman Republic founded after the end of the Etruscan Kingship in 509 B.C.•Based on the Ancient Greek model of government•Republic 509 B.C.-27 B.C.; Empire 31 B.C.-293 A.D.The Roman Empire reached its greatest extent in the year 116 under the rule of the emperor Trajan.The Republic•Roman laws traditionally could only be passed by a vote of the popular assembly •Candidates for public positions had to run for election by the people •The Senate held great authority, but no actual legislative power; it was technically only an advisory council •Senators were chosen from among the most accomplished patricians by Censors who could also remove a Senator from his office if he was found "morally corrupt"The Republic•To prevent any one person from gaining too much power, new magistrates were elected annually and had to share power with another•Normally the highest authority was held by two consuls, but in emergencies a temporary dictator might be appointed•The structure of the administration was changed multiple times due to internal changesTiberius 14 A.D.-37 A.D.The Empire•In the early years of the empire, the government remained a “republic” •Augustus was the first true emperor, ruling after he dismantled the final triumvirate•The first five emperors of the New Rome were considered the Julio-Claudian Emperors as they were “descendants” of Julius Caesar; they ruled 27 B.C.-68 A.D.Augustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D.Caligula37 A.D.-41 A.D.Claudius 41 A.D.-54 A.D.Nero54 A.D.-68 A.D.The Empire•Over time the emperor became more and more autocratic and the Senate truly lost power•Territory was divided into multiple provinces•Towns were divided into colonies composed of former soldiers or members of the Roman underclass•After the Julio-Claudian line of emperors, many other lines followed before the East-West split•Pax Romana 27 B.C.-180 A.D. was a period of relative peace for the Roman Empire•The Crisis of the Third Century occurred 235-284 and almost caused the complete collapse of the empire•Diocletian gained complete power in 285 and divided the empire into East and WestGovernmentForeign PoliticsRoman Empire in 250 B.C After wars with allies, the Etruscans, the Samnites and the Greeks, Rome is victorious and has city-states that pay tribute to Rome where citizenship is either offered or can be earned.Roman Empire in 241-227 B.C. After the first Punic War, the Romans take control of Sicily and later take possession of Sardinia and Corsica. Praetors are created to be the official governing body in each of Rome’s new provinces (Sicily, Sardinia/Corsica).Roman Empire in 197 B.C.After the Second Punic War, Rome takes Southern Spain from the Carthaginians, dividing it into Hispana Citerior and Hispana Ulterior, each with its own praetor.Roman Empire in 167 B.C. In the Third Macedonian War, Rome defeats King Gentium and takes an unofficial hold of the Ilyrian coastline.Roman Empire in 146 B.C. Corinth and Carthage are defeated and destroyed. Macedonia-Achaia and Africa are added as provinces of Rome.Roman Empire in 133 B.C. The Lusitanii are defeated in Northern and Eastern Spain. King Attalus Pergamum in Asia Minor leaves his wealthy kingdom in his will to the possession of Rome.Roman Empire in 121-102 B.C. Celtic tribes, along with the Teutones and the Cimbri along the Rhone are defeated, allowing the addition of the Gallia Narbonensis province. The Baelaric Islands are taken and Roman Victory over pirates in part of Cilicia in Southern Asia Minor also adds new territory.Roman Empire in 74-60 B.C. After Sulla’s defeat of the King of Pontus, the province Bithynia et Pontus in present-day Northern Turkey is added. Pompey later expands this territory and creates a new province, Syria, though no new praetors are added.Roman Empire in 44 B.C.Caesar conquers the majority of Gaul. Pompey takes control of Northern Spain.Family and Gender RelationsMarriage•More of a


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