New version page

Palomar HIST 102 - History 102 Outline III - The New Era through the Cold War

Upgrade to remove ads
Upgrade to remove ads
Unformatted text preview:

1920's: "The New Era"Cultural Challenges and Changes in the 1920sHerbert Hoover and the Great DepressionThe Changing Tide: Isolationism to WarThe Rise of FascismThe United States as Arsenal of DemocracyThe Second Red Scare: The RootsHistory 102 Outline III: The New Era through the Cold War1920's: "The New Era"Foreign Policy vs. Domestic PolicyThe defeat of Moral Diplomacy1920: Defeat of Democrats; schism of their partyElection of Warren G. Harding (Republican)VP: Calvin Coolidge (Silent Cal: "No right to strike against the public safety")Harding's Call for "Return to Normalcy"1921: Pardons Eugene V. DebsSecretary of the Treasury: Andrew MellonCommerce Secretary Herbert Hoover (Progressive) "Associationism" Scandals: Teapot Dome; Death in 1923Cultural Challenges and Changes in the 1920sThe truth of the Women's movement: Gains and lossesHarding elected with female vote (19th Amendment)Factionalism of Women's Movement: Equal Rights Amendment, "Pink Collar" jobsJohn B. Watson's "Behaviorist" psychologyMargaret Sanger, Birth Control (Diaphragm) & Attention to sex as pleasureCulture and Society: The Arts & MusicH. L. Mencken, satirist and journalistF. Scott Fitzgerlad The Great GatsbyT. S. Elliot, William Faulkner, Gertrude Stein, Enest Hemmingway"Harlem Renaissance": Nora Zeale Hurston, Langston HugesThe "Flapper": underclass vs. bohemian middle-classGrowth of American Music: Radio: Jazz, ragtime, blues, swingBenny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Louis ArmstrongGeorge Gershwin (Porgy and Bess) Kern (Showboat)Movies: Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, Cecil B. de Mille "Talkies" by 1927; Walt DisneyHistoriographyMary and Charles Beard: Economic SchoolOutline III p. 1 History 102Prohibition and CrimeCarrie Nation & the "Hatchet Squad"Drys vs. wetsThe "Noble Experiment": BootleggersThe rise of the MafiaThe Ugly Side of the 1920sHate Groups, Nativism, Anti-scienceThe "Red Scare"Bombs in April 1919 intercepted; attempt on MitchellJan 1, 1920: Attorney General Micthell Palmer and J. Edgar Hoover "Palmer Raids"Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (August 23,1927)The Return of the Ku Klux KlanBirth of a Nation (1915)Race Riots in Chicago, Saint Louis, Washington (1919)Rebirth under Grand Dragon David Stephenson (And eventual downfall in 1925)Against: Blacks, but now also Catholics, Jews, "Foreigners", "metropolitan morality"Klaverns; March on Washington in 1926Successes of the Klan: Nativist Legislation1921: Emergency Immigration Act: Cannot exceed 3% immigration from 1910 census800,000 to 300,0001924: National Origins Act: None from East Asia, census of 1890Religious Fundamentalism: Protestant Revolt against "Theological Modernists"The Scopes "Monkey" Trial: John Scopes, ACLUWilliam Jennings Bryan vs. Clarence DarrowHerbert Hoover and the Great Depression1928: Alfred Smith v Herbert HooverDemocrats divided over wet and dry issue; Smith Irish Catholic city manHoover Progressive Republican without having held elective office; also famous for his relief of Eastern Europe post World War I.1929: Hoover’ s inaugural: “We in America are nearer the triumph over poverty. . .”October: Stock Market collapse Causes of the Collapse?1) Foreign Debt / World War I reparations2) Reluctance of Americans to allow debt relief to Europe3) High protective tariffs 4) Industry based on exports5) Buying on the margin; 30% of national wealth based on debtOutline III p. 2 History 1026) Disproportionate gains in the 20s of Rich and middle classHoover’s solutions: Few; afraid of governmental intervention; most policies counteredby an attempt to balance the budget; collapse of farm prices in 30-32 (cotton from 17.5 cents to 4.6 cents a bale) and 1931 European economic collapse deepens depression: Over 1,000 banks fail in three months.Hoover: Too much reliance on volunteerism: reminiscent of his faith in associations1932: The Bonus Army; Franklin Delano Roosevelt; March 4, 1933 “New Deal”March 5: The “bank Holiday”March 9: Special Session of Congress starts (the Hundred Days, to June 16)March 12: First “Fireside Chat”Takes America off gold standard; buys gold and silver to try and raise pricesVolstead Act1933: Farm Credit Administration (refinance mortgages)Home Owners Loan AssociationFederal Emergency Relief Association (FERA)Glass-Steagall Act (investment vs. commercial, bank credit, Federal Reserve) Securities Act (SEC)Reconstruction Finance Corp taken over by Jesse Jones*Agricultural Adjustment Act; when undone in 1936, rewritten “Soil Conservation Act” & the “Dust Bowl” of 1936National Industrial Recovery Act; Harold Ickles & the PWA & Blue EagleUndone in 1935 by Supreme CourtCivilian Conservation Corps & the TVA1934: Strikes Against National Recovery Act1935: Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act); John Lewis & the CIO (sit-down)Works Progress Administration (Federal Writer’s Project)National Youth AdministrationSocial Security Law (under pressure from Dr. Francis Townsend’s $200 plan)1936 Election: Republican Shambles; Union Party Huey Long (1935), Townsend, Father Coughlin1937: The Court-Packing Debacle; attempt to balance budget and recessionThe Changing Tide: Isolationism to WarNon-participation in League of Nations, Court of International Justice (The Hague)Push for European War Debts & Protective Tariffs1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact: France: Originally, country never go to war with each otherKellogg trumps Briand: Add all countries; eventually becomes anti-war except in "National defense"FDR's "Good Neighbor" Policy1931 - 1933 Japanese incursions into Manchuria & ShanghaiThe Rise of FascismFascism in theory: Wed Nationalism and Socialism. Based on Roman fasces.Benito Mussolini: Comes to power in 1922; Proclaimed Il Ducein 1925Adolph Hitler, National Socialist (Nazi) ; Beer-Hall Putsch of 1923; entry into Parliament (Reichstag); Chancellor of Weimar Republic in 1933; death of the president in 1934, Reichsfuhrer.The Nazi Agenda; Police-State; German "Re-Unification"America: Recognition of Soviet Union in November of 19331934-1937: The Nye Commission & Charles Beard1935: Germany receives Saar basin (near France/Belgium); coalItaly invades EthiopiaOutline III p. 3 History 102American Neutrality Pact (supposedly only for 6 months)1936: Germany invades the RhinelandFrancisco Franco's uprising in Spain1937: Japan attacks in Peking; the "China Incident""Anti-Comintern Pact"American Neutrality "cash and Carry"Japan sinks the Panay1938: Forced unification of Austria with Germany


View Full Document
Download History 102 Outline III - The New Era through the Cold War
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view History 102 Outline III - The New Era through the Cold War and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view History 102 Outline III - The New Era through the Cold War 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?