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Challenges Facing Latin America & the Caribbean

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PowerPoint PresentationIntroduction (Personal)Introduction (Personnel)Introduction (Division SC2)LAC – The BountySlide 6Social ProblemsEconomic ProblemsProblems & EffectsProblems & Effects (Reading)Political Problems/GovernanceSlide 12Human Costs - The Case of LandThe Case of Land in HaitiA Human View of DevelopmentProblems to Projects - Our Work1 Sector Strategies **2 Country Programs3 Projects4 Country Strategies / Projects5 Project Development6 Problem Definition CFAA/CPR7 Problem Inversion - Goals8 Project Approval & ExecutionOther OperationsA Word of CautionThank You & Follow upKennedy School, Harvard UniversityKennedy School, Harvard University113 December, 20043 December, 2004Challenges Facing Latin America & the Caribbean(LAC)The Way We Work, The Work We DoInter-American Development BankStephen Doherty3 December, 20043 December, 2004Kennedy School, Harvard UniversityKennedy School, Harvard University22Introduction (Personal)Introduction (Personal)•Modernization of the State specialistModernization of the State specialist–State and Civil Society division (SC2)State and Civil Society division (SC2)–Regional Operations Department 2, - Central America, Mexico, Regional Operations Department 2, - Central America, Mexico, Panama, Dominican Republic & HaitiPanama, Dominican Republic & Haiti•IDB 13 years, on education & governance (social / public sector IDB 13 years, on education & governance (social / public sector economist)economist)•African Development Bank 4 yearsAfrican Development Bank 4 years•Consultant in Not-for-Profit Management Training Company on Consultant in Not-for-Profit Management Training Company on Health Reform (UK) and Management Training (Ecuador)Health Reform (UK) and Management Training (Ecuador)•Taught at the Project & Development Planning Center of the Taught at the Project & Development Planning Center of the University of Bradford in England for 6 yearsUniversity of Bradford in England for 6 years•Tax Inspector in the UK Inland Revenue (*)Tax Inspector in the UK Inland Revenue (*)3 December, 20043 December, 2004Kennedy School, Harvard UniversityKennedy School, Harvard University33Introduction (Personnel)Introduction (Personnel)•The Board of Governors (unpaid, part time, in country)The Board of Governors (unpaid, part time, in country)•The Board of 14 Executive Directors (paid by IDB – full time)The Board of 14 Executive Directors (paid by IDB – full time)•President, 2 vice presidents, 1 Secretary, 1 Auditor 10 President, 2 vice presidents, 1 Secretary, 1 Auditor 10 managers & 100 Chiefs / advisors etcmanagers & 100 Chiefs / advisors etc•29 country representatives (27 Borrowers + Paris & Tokyo)29 country representatives (27 Borrowers + Paris & Tokyo)•1000 professional & 600 administrative staff (+ or - )1000 professional & 600 administrative staff (+ or - )–Indefinite (finance, funds management, admin, operations)Indefinite (finance, funds management, admin, operations)–Fixed term 1 to 5 years renewableFixed term 1 to 5 years renewable–Rotation for special technical skill, Research, Policies, Rotation for special technical skill, Research, Policies, StrategiesStrategies•500 long term consultants (+ or - )500 long term consultants (+ or - )•??? ??? Short term consultants (experienced specialists)Short term consultants (experienced specialists)•??? Internationally recognized figures Ministers/Professors??? Internationally recognized figures Ministers/Professors•Interns, studentships, Young Professionals, “secondees”Interns, studentships, Young Professionals, “secondees”3 December, 20043 December, 2004Kennedy School, Harvard UniversityKennedy School, Harvard University44Introduction (Division SC2)Introduction (Division SC2)•Access to JusticeAccess to Justice•Citizen SecurityCitizen Security•Development of Civil Society, Participation, Accountability, Social Development of Civil Society, Participation, Accountability, Social Auditing, and Promotion of Democratic InstitutionsAuditing, and Promotion of Democratic Institutions•Fiscal (budget) and Economic Management, Tax Reform, (Income, Fiscal (budget) and Economic Management, Tax Reform, (Income, Sales, Customs and Land Taxes) Transparency and AccountabilitySales, Customs and Land Taxes) Transparency and AccountabilityIn Region 2 other divisions work on:In Region 2 other divisions work on:•Social Development (health, education)Social Development (health, education)•Financial / banking, infrastructure, water, sanitationFinancial / banking, infrastructure, water, sanitation•Environmental remediation & rural development (land titling)Environmental remediation & rural development (land titling)•Disaster PreparednessDisaster Preparedness•Municipal and Local DevelopmentMunicipal and Local Development3 December, 20043 December, 2004Kennedy School, Harvard UniversityKennedy School, Harvard University55LAC – The BountyLAC – The BountyGEOGRAPHYGEOGRAPHY•Land-locked countries 2, Africa 15Land-locked countries 2, Africa 15•Navigable rivers (compared with Africa) and coastsNavigable rivers (compared with Africa) and coasts•Varied relief & climate, even within countries - no SaharaJJVaried relief & climate, even within countries - no SaharaJJ•LAC more urbanized (good for access to services but slums pose LAC more urbanized (good for access to services but slums pose a challenge in the short run)a challenge in the short run)•Useful crops - cereals, sugar, soy, beef, fisheries, coffee, rubber, Useful crops - cereals, sugar, soy, beef, fisheries, coffee, rubber, palm oil, plus genetic storehousespalm oil, plus genetic storehouses•Useful minerals, oil (Venezuela, Mexico, Ecuador, Colombia), Useful minerals, oil (Venezuela, Mexico, Ecuador, Colombia), nickel, gold, silver, tin, coppernickel, gold, silver, tin, copper•Low population density Brazil/China, Argentina/India, Low population density Brazil/China, Argentina/India, Bolivia/France GermanyBolivia/France Germany•Moderate population growth (1 – 2% pa)Moderate population growth (1 – 2% pa)•Stabilizing population - social services less of a burdenStabilizing population - social services less of a burden3 December, 20043 December, 2004Kennedy School, Harvard UniversityKennedy School, Harvard University66LAC – The BountyLAC – The BountyHistory & CultureHistory & Culture•No multinational wars, long indigenous histories, long period No multinational wars, long indigenous


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