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TYPES DE FIGURES DE STYLE

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TYPES DE FIGURES DE STYLE http://www.etudes-litteraires.com/figures-de-style/index-figures.php Wikipedia http://www.ssjbmauricie.qc.ca/langue/litterature/auteur.php http://abardel.free.fr/glossaire_stylistique/polysyndete.htm TYPES DE FIGURES DE STYLE ...................................................................................................................1 Figures d’amplification:.....................................................................................................................................2 Gradation.........................................................................................................................................................2 Hyperbole........................................................................................................................................................2 Figures d’analogie: .............................................................................................................................................2 Allégorie........................................................................................................................................................... 2 Comparaison................................................................................................................................................... 3 Métaphore ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Personnification.............................................................................................................................................. 3 Prosopopée.....................................................................................................................................................3 Figures d’atténuation:........................................................................................................................................4 Euphémisme...................................................................................................................................................4 Litote................................................................................................................................................................. 4 Figures de construction:..................................................................................................................................... 4 Anacoluthe ...................................................................................................................................................... 4 Asyndète/Polysyndète...................................................................................................................................4 Parataxe .......................................................................................................................................................... 5 Ellipse............................................................................................................................................................... 6 Parallélisme..................................................................................................................................................... 6 Figures de diction ou de sonorités:.................................................................................................................... 6 Allitération........................................................................................................................................................ 6 Assonance....................................................................................................................................................... 6 Paronomase.................................................................................................................................................... 7 Homéotéleute .................................................................................................................................................7 Figures d’insistance:...........................................................................................................................................8 Anaphore.........................................................................................................................................................8 Enumération.................................................................................................................................................... 8 Répétition ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 L’anadiplose.................................................................................................................................................... 8 Figures d’opposition:..........................................................................................................................................8 Antiphrase ....................................................................................................................................................... 8 Antithèse.......................................................................................................................................................... 8 Chiasme [kjasm].............................................................................................................................................9 Oxymore (oxymoron)..................................................................................................................................... 9 Figures de substitution:....................................................................................................................................10 Périphrase..................................................................................................................................................... 102Figures d’amplification: Gradation (féminin) Une gradation est une succession ordonnée de termes de sens voisins. On parle de gradation ascendante lorsque les termes sont de plus en plus forts et de gradation descendante lorsque les termes sont de plus en plus faibles. Terme lié : amplification. Lire d'autres exemples sur la page « Le Cid » (la gradation ascendante "va, cours, vole") ou dans l'Avare (1668), acte


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