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Political Realignments in the 1890s




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Chapter Ninth Edition America: Past and Present America: Past and Present, Ninth Edition Divine • Breen • Frederickson • Williams • Gross • Brands Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Political Realignments in the 1890s 20 Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. America: Past and Present, Ninth Edition Divine • Breen • Frederickson • Williams • Gross • Brands Politics of Stalemate • Politics was a major fascination of the late nineteenth century – seen as entertainment • Political ideology did not determine vote • White males made up bulk of electorate – Women allowed to vote in national elections only in Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, Colorado – Black men denied vote by poll tax, literacy tests – grandfather clause (could vote if grandfather eligible to vote) Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. America: Past and Present, Ninth Edition Divine • Breen • Frederickson • Williams • Gross • Brands The Fast-Growing Farmers’ Alliance: Ocala Demands • System of government warehouses to hold crops for higher prices (subtreasury system) • Free coinage of silver • End protective tariffs • Federal income tax • Direct election of Senators • Regulation of railroads Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. America: Past and Present, Ninth Edition Divine • Breen • Frederickson • Williams • Gross • Brands The People’s Party • 1892: Populist presidential candidate James Weaver draws over one million votes – Loses South to violence and intimidation by Southern Democrats – Loses urban areas • Alliance wanes after 1892 elections Copyright ©2011, ©2007, ©2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. America: Past and Present, Ninth Edition Divine • Breen • Frederickson • Williams • Gross • Brands The McKinley Administration • McKinley took office at depression’s end • An activist president – regulation and control of industry • Dingley Tariff raised rates to record highs • 1900: U.S. placed on gold standard • Friend of farmers and workers • 1900: McKinley won landslide reelection against William Jennings Bryan






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