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Cognotive Pstchology



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This article was published in an Elsevier journal The attached copy is furnished to the author for non commercial research and education use including for instruction at the author s institution sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration Other uses including reproduction and distribution or selling or licensing copies or posting to personal institutional or third party websites are prohibited In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article e g in Word or Tex form to their personal website or institutional repository Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier s archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit http www elsevier com copyright Author s personal copy Available online at www sciencedirect com Cognitive Psychology 56 2008 103 141 www elsevier com locate cogpsych Prototypicality in sentence production Kristine H Onishi a q Gregory L Murphy b Kathryn Bock c a b Department of Psychology Stewart Biology Building 1205 Dr Pen eld Avenue McGill University Montreal H3A 1B1 Canada Department of Psychology New York University 6 Washington Place 8th Floor New York NY 10003 USA c Department of Psychology University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign 603 E Daniel St Champaign IL 61820 USA Accepted 25 April 2007 Available online 12 July 2007 Abstract Three cued recall experiments examined the e ect of category typicality on the ordering of words in sentence production Past research has found that typical items tend to be mentioned before atypical items in a phrase a pattern usually associated with lexical variables like word frequency and yet typicality is a conceptual variable Experiment 1 revealed that an appropriate conceptual framework was necessary to yield the typicality e ect Experiment 2 tested ad hoc categories that do not have prior representations in long term memory and yielded no typicality e ect Experiment 3 used carefully matched sentences in which two category members appeared in the



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