WSU PSYCH 350 - Exam 3 Study Guide (7 pages)

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Exam 3 Study Guide



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Exam 3 Study Guide

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Pages:
7
Type:
Study Guide
School:
Washington State University
Course:
Psych 350 - Social Psychology
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

Psych 350 1st Edition Exam 3 Study Guide Lecture 16 October 11 I Attitudes a Cognitive Dissonance Theory Discomfort that arises from insistency between two or more attitudes or between attitudes and behavior We re motivated to resolve this by changing our attitude or behavior or cognitions Can lead to irrational and or maladaptive behavior b Festinger and Carlsmith s 1959 experiment Subjects were in a horribly boring experiment Group A received 20 Group B received 1 to lie another participant that it was enjoyable Group C received no money did not have to lie Group A I hated the experiment and I said I enjoyed it but that s ok because I got a lot of money II No cognitive dissonance Therefore attitude change is not necessary Group B did something they hated lied about enjoying it with insufficient justification Cognitive dissonance Resolved through attitude change it wasn t that bad Contradicted the accepted belied that big rewards produce greater change Social Influence a Three types of social influence Conformity Tendency to change perceptions opinions or behavior in ways that are consistent with group norms Compliance Changes in behavior based on direct requests from one person to another Obedience Changes in behavior based on direct orders from one person to another b Sherif s Autokinetic Study 1936 Participants publicly giving answers to a vague task converged on a common answer c Asch s study 1951 Subjects were seated with 5 to 7 confederates Each person gave answers to a number of line judging tasks On certain items the confederates gave incorrect answers 76 of the subjects agreed with the incorrect answer on at least on trial Overall the subjects agreed with these errors 37 of the time In comparison subjects working alone made errors only 5 of the time Lecture 17 October 14 I Culture and Social Loafing a Research has found social loafing to be less prevalent among women than men and less prevalent in collectivist cultures II Group Performance type of task a



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